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The Thain's Book
An encyclopedia of Middle-earth and Numenor

A timeline of events in Middle-earth and Numenor in the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Ages.

First Age
Second Age
Third Age
War of the Ring (3018-3019)
Fourth Age

First Age:

Note: There is no definitive chronology of the First Age. In particular, there are several conflicting chronologies of the 500s. Most of these dates are from The History of Middle-earth, vol. XI, The War of the Jewels.

The Moon and the Sun rise for the first time. Fingolfin and his followers complete their journey across the Grinding Ice and arrive in the far north of Middle-earth. Fingolfin marches to Angband but Morgoth remains hidden. Men awake in Hildorien in far eastern Middle-earth. Some migrate westward while others remained in the East and become known as the Easterlings. Sometime afterwards, Morgoth leaves Angband and travels to the East in an attempt to corrupt Men.

Fingolfin's people settle on the north shore of Lake Mithrim, while Feanor's sons and followers relocate to the southern shore. Morgoth sends mists from Angband to Hithlum.

Fingon frees Maedhros from the precipice of Thangorodrim with the help of Thorondor. Soon afterwards, Maedhros waives his claim to succeed Feanor, and Fingolfin becomes High King of the Noldor.

Angrod visits Doriath. The Noldor set a watch on Angband and begin to explore Beleriand.

The Noldor hold a council in Mithrim. Angrod brings a message from Thingol warning the Noldor not to encroach on the lands of the Sindar. Caranthir loses his temper with Angrod. Afterwards, the sons of Feanor relocate to East Beleriand.

Fingolfin hosts the Feast of Reuniting at the Pools of Ivrin. Representatives of the Noldor, Sindar, and Green-elves attend including Cirdan of the Havens of the Falas and Mablung and Daeron from Doriath.

Ulmo sends dreams to Turgon and Finrod urging them to find places to establish realms hidden from Morgoth.

Galadriel and her brother Finrod are guests in Doriath. Galadriel falls in love with Celeborn and decides to remain in Doriath. Finrod departs and begins to build the underground realm of Nargothrond with the help of the Dwarves of Belegost and Nogrod. The Dwarves make the Nauglamir for Finrod.

Guided by Ulmo, Turgon finds the hidden valley of Tumladen where he plans to build Gondolin.

Morgoth sends an army to invade Beleriand. The Elves led by Fingolfin and Maedhros defeat them in the Glorious Battle. The Siege of Angband begins.

The construction of Gondolin begins.

Elves of Nargothrond help the Elves of the Falas rebuild Brithombar and Eglarest.

Galadriel tells Melian of the flight of the Noldor to Middle-earth but does not tell her about the Kinslaying.

Galadriel's brothers visit Doriath. Thingol learns of the Kinslaying from Cirdan and asks the brothers to leave, despite their innocence. Galadriel is allowed to remain. Thingol decrees that only Sindarin will be spoken in Doriath.

Nargothrond is completed. Galadriel visits her brother Finrod in Nargothrond.

Gondolin is completed. Ulmo instructs Turgon to leave arms in Vinyamar for a messenger who will come to Gondolin in time of need. Turgon and his people settle in Gondolin.

Caranthir's people encounter the Dwarves of the Blue Mountains and establish a trade alliance with them.

Morgoth sends Orcs to attack Hithlum from the Firth of Drengist in the west but Fingon defeats them.

Glaurung the Dragon emerges from Angband against Morgoth's wishes and is driven back by Fingon. Azaghal receives the Dragon-helm from Telchar shortly afterwards. The Long Peace begins.

Birth of Balan (later called Beor).

Birth of Marach.

Birth of son Baran, son of Beor.

Birth of Belen, son of Beor.

Birth of Malach, son of Marach.

The Men of the House of Beor are the first Men to come over the Blue Mountains into Beleriand. They are discovered by Finrod Felagund. At the request of the Green-elves, they leave Ossiriand and settle in Estolad. Birth of Imlach, son of Marach.

Beor accompanies Finrod Felagund to Nargothrond. Baran becomes leader of the House of Beor.

The Haladin enter Beleriand and settle in Thargelion.

The People of Marach enter Beleriand and settle in Estolad.

Birth of Boron of the House of Beor.

Birth of Haldad of the Haladin.

Turgon's sister Aredhel leaves Gondolin and becomes lost and is taken in by Eol the Dark Elf. Birth of Beldir of the House of Beor.

Birth of Baranor of the House of Beor.

Birth of Maeglin, son of Aredhel and Eol.

Malach goes to live in Hithlum in the service of Fingolfin and takes the name Aradan.

Men relocate throughout Beleriand.

End of Aradan's service to Fingolfin.

Aradan marries Zimrahin who takes the name Meldis. Birth of Boromir of the House of Beor. Birth of Amlach of the People of Marach.

Birth of Belemir of the House of Beor. Birth of Adanel of the People of Marach.

Birth of Belegor of the House of Beor. Birth of Bereg of the House of Beor.

Birth of Haleth and her twin brother Haldar of the Haladin. Birth of Magor of the People of Marach.

Death of Beor.

Birth of Bregor of the House of Beor.

Birth of Andreth of the House of Beor.

Birth of Hathol of the People of Marach. Birth of Beril of the House of Beor.

Birth of Haldan of the House of Haleth.

Bereg and Amlach hold a council of the Edain in Estolad. Morgoth sends a false image of Amlach to speak against the Elves. Bereg and others decide to leave Beleriand but Amlach repents and joins Maedhros.

Birth of Beren (the elder) of the House of Beor.

The Haladin are besieged in Thargelion and are rescued by Caranthir. Haldad and his son Haldar are killed The survivors are led westward by Haleth.

The People of Haleth settle in Estolad. Death of Marach in Estolad. Aradan becomes leader of the People of Marach.

Death of Baran of the House of Beor. Boron becomes leader of the House of Beor.

Birth of Bregil of the House of Beor.

Birth of Hirwen of the House of Beor.

Haleth and her people relocate to the Forest of Brethil. Birth of Hador of the People of Marach. Birth of Halmir of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Bregolas of the House of Beor.

Birth of Gilwen of the House of Beor.

Death of Aradan of the People of Marach. Magor becomes leader of the People of Marach.

Aredhel and Maeglin return to Gondolin and are followed by Eol who is given the choice to remain in the city or be killed. Eol mortally wounds Aredhel and is thrown from the city walls to his death. Birth of Barahir of the House of Beor. Possible birthdate of Ulfang the Easterling.

Death of Boron of the House of Beor. Boromir becomes leader of the House of Beor.

Hador enters the household of Fingolfin.

Birth of Emeldir of the House of Beor.

The debate of Finrod and Andreth. Birth of Brandir of the House of Beor.

The Elf-lords give the region of Ladros in Dorthonion to the Men of the House of Beor and Boromir is made Lord of the House of Beor and of Ladros.

Birth of Beldis of the House of Beor.

Birth of Haldir of the House of Haleth.

Hador completes his service to Fingolfin. Birth of Gloredhel of the House of Hador.

Fingolfin makes Hador the Lord of Dor-lomin.

Birth of Galdor, son of Hador. Birth of Beleth of the House of Beor.

Birth of Hundar of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Gundor, son of Hador.

Death of Haleth. Haldan becomes the chief of the People of Haleth. Birth of Hareth of the House of Haleth. Birth of Baragund of the House of Beor.

Birth of Belegund of the House of Beor.

Possible birthdate of Uldor, son of Ulfang.

Possible birthdate of Ulfast, son of Ulfang.

Possible birthdate of Ulwarth, son of Ulfang.

Birth of Beren Erchamion. Death of Boromir of the House of Beor. Bregor becomes leader of the House of Beor.

Weddings of Galdor to Hareth and Haldir to Gloredhel.

Birth of Hurin of the House of Hador. Birth of Handir of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Morwen of the House of Beor. Birth of Hunleth of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Huor of the House of Hador.

Birth of Hundad of the House of Haleth.

Death of Bregor of the House of Beor. Bregolas becomes leader of the House of Beor.

Birth of Rian of the House of Beor.

Death of Haldan of the House of Haleth. Halmir becomes leader of the House of Haleth.

The Battle of Sudden Flame begins in the winter at the end of 455. Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband. Rivers of fire flow onto Ard-galen and it becomes Anfauglith, the Gasping Dust. Glaurung leads forth an army of Balrogs and Orcs. Morgoth's forces make inroads into Beleriand. Deaths of Aegnor, Angrod, Hador, Gundor, and Bregolas. Gelmir of Nargothrond is captured. Barahir saves Finrod Felagund and receives the Ring of Barahir.

Dorthonion falls under Morgoth's control. Orcs capture Caranthir's fortress on the slopes of Mount Rerir and defile Lake Helevorn and ravage Thargelion. Curufin, Celegorm, and Celebrimbor flee Himlad to Nargothrond.

Galdor becomes Lord of Dor-lomin and of the House of Hador. Barahir becomes Lord of the House of Beor. Turgon sends messengers to Sea seeking the help of the Valar but they are unsuccessful. Andreth probably dies around this time or soon after.

Fingolfin is killed in single combat with Morgoth. His body is brought by Thorondor to a mountain overlooking Gondolin and he is buried by Turgon. Fingon becomes High King of the Noldor of Middle-earth. Gil-galad - as a young child - is sent to live at the Havens of the Falas. Barahir's wife Emeldir leads the women and children of the House of Beor away from Dorthonion.

Sauron captures the island of Tol Sirion and it is renamed the Isle of Werewolves. Orodreth flees to Nargothrond.

The People of Haleth and the Elves of Doriath defeat a legion of Orcs near the Forest of Brethil. Hurin and Huor become lost and are brought to Gondolin by the Eagles. They remain in Gondolin for about a year and then are returned home to Dor-lomin.

Sauron tricks Gorlim into revealing the location of Barahir's hidden lair in Dorthonion and then kills Gorlim. Orcs slay Barahir and his companions: Baragund, Belegund, Radhruin, Dairuin, Dagnir, Ragnor, Gildor, Arthad, Urthel, and Hathaldir. Beren pursues the Orcs and slays them and retrieves the Ring of Barahir.

Morgoth sends an army to attack Hithlum from the east and north. Galdor dies defending Barad Eithel. Hurin repels Morgoth's forces from Barad Eithel while Fingon battles them on the plains of Hithlum. Cirdan arrives with a fleet and the Orcs are driven out of Hithlum. Hurin succeeds his father as Lord of Dor-lomin.

Easterlings come to Beleriand. The Easterling chieftain Bor forms an alliance with Maedhros. Ulfang swears allegiance to Caranthir while secretly in league with Morgoth.

Beren passes through the Girdle of Melian into Doriath early in the year. In summer, he sees Luthien dancing in the forest and falls in love with her. Marriage of Hurin and Morwen in the spring; birth of their son Turin later in the year.

Beren embarks on a quest to retrieve a Silmaril from Morgoth's crown to win Luthien's hand. Finrod of Nargothrond agrees to accompany him. Sauron captures and imprisons them on the Isle of Werewolves. Finrod is killed along with Edrahil and nine other Elves of Nargothrond. Luthien and Huan come to Beren's rescue. Sauron struggles with Huan and is forced to surrender. He flees in vampire form to Taur-nu-Fuin. Orodreth becomes second King of Nargothrond and expels Celegorm and Curufin. Birth of Brandir of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Lalaith, daughter of Hurin and Morwen, in the spring.

Beren and Luthien enter Angband and steal a Silmaril from Morgoth's crown but are waylaid by Carcharoth who bites off Beren's hand along with the Silmaril. Thorondor and the Eagles rescue them and return them to Doriath. Carcharoth is driven mad by the Silmaril and runs to Doriath. Beren is mortally wounded by Carcharoth. Carcharoth and Huan the Hound fight to the death and both die.

Luthien dies and goes to the Halls of Mandos to plead on behalf of herself and Beren. Birth of Hunthor of the House of Haleth.

Maedhros forms the Union of Maedhros to oppose Morgoth.

The Union of Maedhros drives the Orcs from Beleriand. A pestilent wind called the Evil Breath is sent by Morgoth to the northern lands bordering Anfauglith. Death of Lalaith. Beren and Luthien return to life and settle on Tol Galen. Birth of Manthor of the House of Haleth.

Birth of Dior, son of Beren and Luthien. Birth of Hardang of the House of Haleth. Possible date of death of Ulfang.

Death of Halmir of the House of Haleth. Haldir becomes leader of the House of Haleth.

Spring: Marriage of Huor and Rian.

Midsummer: The Battle of Unnumbered Tears. Ulfang the Easterling betrays the Elves and their allies, leading to their defeat. Azaghal, Lord of Belegost, wounds Glaurung but is killed. Fingon is killed by Gothmog, Lord of Balrogs. Gwindor is captured. Deaths of Gelmir, Haldir, Hundar, Huor, Uldor, Ulfast, Ulwarth, Borlad, Borlach, and Borthand.

Turgon succeeds Fingon as High King of the Noldor and returns to Gondolin. Hurin is captured and refuses to reveal Gondolin's location to Morgoth. Many Elves take refuge with Cirdan at the Havens of Brithombar and Eglarest. Morgoth sends the Easterlings to occupy Hithlum.

Autumn: Morwen sends her son Turin to live in Doriath. The journey lasts from September to December.

Huor's wife Rian gives birth to Tuor late in the year. Rian leaves Tuor in the care of the Elves of Mithrim and goes to Haudh-en-Ndengin to die.

Birth of Nienor, daughter of Hurin and Morwen, early in the year. Turin arrives in Doriath. Morgoth's forces invade the Falas and destroy Brithombar and Eglarest. Cirdan leads the survivors including Gil-galad to the Isle of Balar. Some Elves from Brithombar and Eglarest may have migrated to Belfalas to establish the haven of Edhellond at this time (or at the start of the Second Age). Turgon dispatches messengers including Voronwe in search of the Valar.

Messengers from Doriath stop bringing news of Turin to Morwen after the road becomes too dangerous. Turin joins the march-wardens of Doriath.

Turin leaves Doriath after a fight resulting in the death of Saeros. Thingol pardons Turin, and Beleg sets out to find him.

Beleg finds Turin with a band of outlaws. Beleg returns to Doriath to drive Orcs out of Dimbar. Turin and the outlaws capture Mim the Petty-Dwarf and force him to lead them to his halls under Amon Rudh. Mim's son Khim is killed by an arrow shot by Androg. In the winter, Beleg sets out to rejoin Turin.

Tuor is captured by Lorgan, the chieftain of the Easterlings of Hithlum. Annael and the Elves of Mithrim escape Hithlum and go south to the Havens of Sirion. Voronwe sets sail on a mission to find the Undying Lands and request the help of the Valar.

Gwindor escapes from Angband. Mim the Petty-Dwarf reveals the location of Turin's hideout on Amon Rudh to Morgoth's servants. Turin is captured. Beleg sets out to rescue him and encounters Gwindor. Turin mistakes Beleg for an enemy and kills him.

Turin comes to Nargothrond with Gwindor.

Tuor escapes captivity and hides in the Caves of Androth.

Morwen and Nienor leave Dor-lomin and go to find Turin in Doriath but he is gone. They remain in Doriath as guests of Thingol.

Spring: Tuor leaves Hithlum guided by signs from Ulmo. He meets Arminas and Gelmir who show him the Gate of the Noldor leading to the Firth of Drengist. He comes to Nevrast where he tarries through the spring and summer.

Arminas and Gelmir continue to Nargothrond and bring a message from Ulmo to Orodreth warning him of danger and advising him to cast down the bridge and withdraw his people into their stronghold. Turin rejects this advice.

Orcs attack the Forest of Brethil and Handir is slain. Brandir becomes leader of the House of Haleth.

Autumn: Glaurung leads an attack on Nargothrond. Orodreth and Gwindor are killed in the Battle of Tumhalad along with most of the Elves of Nargothrond. Nargothrond is captured and sacked. Turin falls under Glaurung's spell and is convinced to seek Morwen and Nienor rather than save Orodreth's daughter Finduilas. Finduilas is killed at the Crossings of Teiglin.

Tuor is guided by seabirds to Vinyamar and finds the armor left by Turgon. Ulmo appears and tells Tuor to go to Gondolin. Voronwe is shipwrecked and he is brought ashore by Ulmo and is found by Tuor.

October 12: Tuor and Voronwe leave Nevrast and begin a 37-day journey to Gondolin.
November 8: They see Turin near the Pools of Ivrin. The Fell Winter begins.
November 17: They avoid a company of Orcs on the South Road.
November 18: They arrive at the foot of the Encircling Mountains.
November 19: They enter Gondolin and are taken before Turgon. Tuor delivers Ulmo's warning that the Elves should abandon their city but Turgon decides to remain. The Hidden Way is blocked.

Turin returns home to Dor-lomin and learns that Morwen and Nienor are gone. He slays Brodda the Easterling. Death of Aerin. Turin goes to the Forest of Brethil and learns of the death of Finduilas. The Fell Winter ends in late March. Morwen and Nienor leave Doriath to find Turin. Nienor falls under the spell of Glaurung and loses her memory. She flees to Brethil and meets her brother Turin but they do not know each other's identities.

Marriage of Dior and Nimloth. Turin asks Nienor to marry him but she hesitates.

Nienor and Turin become betrothed in the spring and marry in midsummer. Glaurung sends Orcs to attack the Men of the Forest of Brethil. Turin stays home because of a promise to Nienor but after the Men are defeated Turin leads them to drive out the Orcs.

Glaurung leaves Nargothrond in spring to find Turin. He comes to the Forest of Brethil near the beginning of summer. Hunthor accompanies Turin to find Glaurung and is killed. Turin slays Glaurung. With his dying words, Glaurung reveals to Nienor that she has unwittingly married her brother Turin. Nienor kills herself by jumping into the Ravines of Teiglin. Brandir overhears Glaurung and tells Turin who accuses Brandir of lying and kills him. Turin realizes the truth and commits suicide.

Mim the Petty-Dwarf comes to Nargothrond.

Hurin is released by Morgoth after 28 years of captivity. Birth of Dior's sons Elured and Elurin in Ossiriand.

Hurin unsuccessfully seeks the entrance to Gondolin and unwittingly reveals the city's general location to Morgoth. Hurin finds Morwen at Turin's grave just before she dies. He accuses the Men of the Forest of Brethil of failing to help her. There is an uproar among the Men of Brethil and Hardang the Chieftain and Manthor are killed.

Hurin comes to Nargothrond and kills Mim. He takes the Nauglamir and brings it Doriath, where he accuses Thingol of failing to protect his family. Hurin casts himself into the Sea sometime afterwards.

Thingol commissions Dwarf craftsmen from Nogrod to rework the Nauglamir with the Silmaril that Beren and Luthien stole from Morgoth. The Dwarves slay Thingol and steal the necklace and Silmaril but are pursued by Elves who kill most of them and take back the Nauglamir. Two Dwarves escape to Nogrod. Melian leaves Doriath and returns to the Undying Lands, and the Girdle of Melian is withdrawn leaving Doriath unprotected.

Marriage of Tuor and Idril in Gondolin.

Spring: Birth of Earendil, son of Tuor and Idril, in Gondolin.

An army of Dwarves from Nogrod defeat the Elves of Doriath and retake the Nauglamir set with the Silmaril. Mablung is killed. The Dwarves are defeated by Beren and the Green-elves of Ossiriand with the help of the Ents. Beren reclaims the Nauglamir and Silmaril. Birth of Elwing, daughter of Dior, in Ossiriand. Dior comes to Doriath as King. Deaths of Beren and Luthien. A messenger brings the Silmaril to Dior in Doriath.

The sons of Feanor send a message to Dior staking a claim to the Silmaril but receive no reply.

At Yule, the sons of Feanor invade Doriath to obtain the Silmaril. Doriath is ruined and abandoned. Deaths of Celegorm, Curufin, and Caranthir. Dior and Nimloth are killed. Their sons Elured and Elurin are abandoned in the woods. Their daughter Elwing and the Silmaril are saved and are taken to the Havens of Sirion.

Maeglin is captured and reveals Gondolin's exact location to Morgoth and is promised Idril and the lordship of Gondolin in exchange.

Gondolin is attacked by Morgoth's forces and the city is destroyed. Tuor kills Maeglin. Ecthelion battles Gothmog, Lord of Balrogs, and both are killed. Death of Turgon. Tuor, Idril, and Earendil escape with other survivors. Glorfindel dies battling a Balrog in the Eagles' Cleft.

Gil-galad succeeds Turgon as High King of the Noldor of Middle-earth.

Tuor, Idril, Earendil and the other survivors settle at the Havens of Sirion.

Maedhros learns that the Silmaril is at the Havens of Sirion but does not act at first out of guilt for the ruin of Doriath.

Tuor and Idril depart into the West. Marriage of Earendil and Elwing.

The remaining sons of Feanor feel tormented by their unfulfilled oath to regain the Silmaril.

Birth of Elrond and Elros, twin sons of Earendil and Elwing.

Around this time, Earendil begins to voyage in his ship Vingilot in search of his parents and the Undying Lands.

The Havens of Sirion are attacked by the sons of Feanor. Deaths of Amrod and Amras. Elrond and Elros are found and protected by Maglor. Elwing escapes into the Sea with the Silmaril and finds Earendil's ship. Cirdan sends help but is too late. The survivors settle on the Isle of Balar.

The last free Elves and Men of Beleriand are driven out by Morgoth's forces and flee to the Isle of Balar.

Earendil reaches the Undying Lands and asks the Valar to help defeat Morgoth and they agree. The Half-elven Earendil and Elwing choose the immortal life of the Elves. Earendil sails the heavens bearing a Silmaril, appearing as the Star of Hope to the peoples of Middle-earth. Elwing remains in the Undying Lands.

The War of Wrath. The Host of the Valar comes to Middle-earth in 545. Earendil slays Ancalagon the Black at the end of the war. Beleriand is ruined and most of the land west of the Blue Mountains sinks beneath the Sea. Morgoth is defeated and two Silmarils are taken from him.

Maedhros and Maglor steal the Silmarils but the jewels cause them great pain. Maedhros jumps into a chasm of fire with one Silmaril and Maglor throws the other into the Sea.

Morgoth is is banished from the world and cast into the Void. The Noldor are pardoned. Many Elves sail to the Undying Lands, but some remain in Middle-earth including Galadriel, Celeborn, Gil-galad, Cirdan, and Elrond. Sauron repents to Eonwe but flees rather than be taken to Manwe for judgment. End of the First Age.

Second Age:

During the early part of the Second Age, Sindarin Elves settle in Lothlorien and Greenwood. Amdir becomes King of Lothlorien and Oropher becomes King of the Woodland Realm in Greenwood. The haven of Edhellond may have been established around this time (or in 473 of the First Age).

The Grey Havens are founded on the Gulf of Lune. Cirdan dwells there with many mariners and shipwrights. Gil-galad and Elrond settle in Lindon.

The island realm of Numenor is given to the Men called the Edain who helped the Elves in their struggle against Morgoth. Elrond's brother Elros becomes the first King of Numenor.

c. 40
Dwarves from Nogrod and Belegost come to Khazad-dum.

Birth of Elros Tar-Minyatur's eldest son Vardamir Nolimon in Numenor.

Birth of Vardamir Nolimon's eldest son Tar-Amandil in Numenor.

Birth of Vardamir Nolimon's daughter Vardilme in Numenor.

Birth of Vardamir Nolimon's younger son Aulendil in Numenor.

Birth of Vardamir Nolimon's youngest son Nolondil in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Amandil's eldest son Tar-Elendil in Numenor. Celeborn and Galadriel may have been living near Lake Evendim around this time.

Birth of Tar-Amandil's younger son Earendur in Numenor.

Birth of Yavien in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Amandil's daughter Mairen in Numenor.

Birth of Oromendil in Numenor.

Birth of Axantur in Numenor.

Death of Elros Tar-Minyatur, the first King of Numenor, at the age of 500. His son Vardamir Nolimon immediately surrenders the Sceptre to his own son Tar-Amandil, but according to custom Vardamir Nolimon is listed in the Scroll of Kings as the second ruler of Numenor with a reign of one year.

Tar-Amandil officially becomes third ruler of Numenor although his reign began in 442.

Death of Vardamir Nolimon in Numenor.

c. 500
Sauron begins to stir in Middle-earth.

Birth of Caliondo in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Elendil's daughter and eldest child Silmarien in Numenor. (Note: Silmarien's birth date is incorrectly given as 548 in "The Tale of Years" in early editions of The Lord of the Rings but is corrected in later editions.)

Birth of Tar-Elendil's daughter Isilme in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Elendil's third child and only son Tar-Meneldur in Numenor.

Birth of Lindisse in Numenor.

Birth of Ardamir in Numenor.

Birth of Cemendur in Numenor.

Tar-Amandilsurrenders the Sceptre to his son Tar-Elendil, the fourth ruler of Numenor.

Veantur, a mariner from Numenor, sails to Middle-earth and meets Gil-galad and Cirdan at the Grey Havens. He also meets with Men of Eriador.

Veantur returns to Numenor from Middle-earth.

Death of Tar-Amandil in Numenor.

Birth of Valandil, first Lord of Andunie, in Numenor.

Birth of Malantur in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Meneldur's son Tar-Aldarion in Numenor. Celeborn and Galadriel leave the shores of Lake Evendim.

Birth of Hallatan, Lord of Hyarastorni, in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Meneldur's daughter Ailinel in Numenor.

Veantur of Numenor brings his grandson Aldarion to the Grey Havens to meet Gil-galad. Cirdan the Shipwright befriends Aldarion and instructs him.

Birth of Tar-Meneldur's daughter Almiel in Numenor.

Aldarion voyages to Lindon from Numenor.

Aldarion of Numenor begins to explore the coasts of Middle-earth as far as the Bay of Belfalas.

Tar-Elendil surrenders the Sceptre to his son Tar-Meneldur, the fifth ruler of Numenor.

Founding of the realm of Eregion and the city of Ost-in-Edhil by Elves of the Noldor. The Guild of Venturers is formed by Aldarion in Numenor. He establishes the haven of Vinyalonde (Lond Daer) on the coast of Middle-earth sometime between 750 and 800.

Death of Tar-Elendil in Numenor.

Birth of Erendis in Numenor.

Birth of Soronto in Numenor.

Aldarion is named King's Heir by Tar-Meneldur of Numenor.

Aldarion of Numenor embarks on a 7-year sea voyage.

Aldarion sets sail from Numenor in his new ship the Palarran.

Aldarion sets out on another voyage from Numenor in defiance of his father.

Tar-Meneldur closes the shipyards in Romenna as part of a dispute with his son Aldarion.

Aldarion of Numenor undertakes a 14-year sea voyage, exploring the coast of Harad and beyond. The haven of Vinyalonde is damaged by the Sea and hostile Men. Aldarion is nearly shipwrecked in a storm on the way back to Numenor.

Birth of Nessanie in Numenor.

The shipyards in Romenna are reopened and Aldarion repairs and expands the harbor.

Erendis accompanies Aldarion on a voyage around the coast of Numenor and they attend a feast in Andunie. They argue and are briefly separated.

Birth of Hallacar, husband of Tar-Ancalime, in Numenor.

Aldarion becomes betrothed to Erendis.

Aldarion voyages to Middle-earth and finds Vinyalonde ruined again and the Men living near the coasts fearful or hostile to the Numenoreans. Aldarion first hears rumors of an Enemy at work in Middle-earth. A storm sweeps Aldarion's ships northward, delaying his return to Numenor.

Wedding of Aldarion and Erendis.

Birth of Tar-Aldarion's daughter Tar-Ancalime in Numenor.

Aldarion goes to Sea again, promising to return in two years but instead is gone for five years. He helps Gil-galad investigate the growing discord in Middle-earth. Gil-galad fears that a servant of Morgoth is rising to power and he sends a letter to Tar-Meneldur. Tar-Meneldur decides to surrender the Sceptre to his son Aldarion. Aldarion and his wife Erendis separate.

Tar-Aldarion becomes the sixth ruler of Numenor. In 883 or 884, he sails again to Middle-earth and may have met Galadriel at Tharbad around this time. Hallatan of Hyarastorni temporarily serves as Regent in Numenor.

Tar-Aldarion changes the law of succession, allowing females to become rulers of Numenor. His daughter Ancalime becomes his heir.

Death of Tar-Meneldur in Numenor.

Death of Erendis while Aldarion is on his last sea voyage.

Sauron establishes his realm in Mordor around this time in response to the growing power of Numenor. He begins to build Barad-dur and exerts his influence on the people of Rhun and Harad. Marriage of Tar-Ancalime and Hallacar in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Ancalime's son Tar-Anarion in Numenor.

Tar-Aldarion surrenders the Sceptre to his daughter Tar-Ancalime, the seventh ruler and first Queen of Numenor.

Death of Tar-Aldarion in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Anarion's son Tar-Surion in Numenor.

Gil-galad and Elrond refuse Sauron admittance to Lindon. Sauron comes to Eregion in a fair disguise and deceives the Elven-smiths. The Numenoreans begin to make permanent havens in Middle-earth.

Death of Hallacar in Numenor.

Tar-Ancalime surrenders the Sceptre to her son Tar-Anarion, the eighth ruler of Numenor.

Death of Tar-Ancalime in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Surion's daughter Tar-Telperien in Numenor.

c. 1350 - 1400
According one story, Galadriel leaves Eregion and goes to dwell in Lothlorien around this time. (See also 1697.)

Tar-Anarion surrenders the Sceptre to his son Tar-Surion, the ninth ruler of Numenor.

Death of Tar-Anarion in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Telperien's nephew Tar-Minastir in Numenor.

c. 1500
The Elven-smiths of Eregion begin forging the Rings of Power under Sauron's instruction. Sauron returns to Mordor.

Tar-Surion surrenders the Sceptre to his daughter Tar-Telperien, the tenth ruler of Numenor.

Death of Tar-Surion in Numenor.

c. 1590
The Three Rings of the Elves are made by Celebrimbor without Sauron's aid.

c. 1600
Sauron forges the One Ring in Mount Doom. Celebrimbor and the Elven-smiths become aware of him and realize they were deceived. Sauron uses the Ring to strengthen the foundations of Barad-dur.

Birth of Tar-Minastir's son Tar-Ciryatan in Numenor.

War of the Elves and Sauron begins. The Three Rings are hidden. Galadriel receives Nenya. Gil-galad receives Narya and Vilya. Cirdan may have received Narya from Gil-galad at this time, or he may have received it before the War of the Last Allianceat the end of the Second Age.

Sauron invades Eriador. Elrondleads a force to confront him. Gil-galad requests aid from Numenor. Tar-Minastir assembles a fleet but it is delayed.

Sauron's forces attack Eregion. Sauron kills Celebrimborand seizes the Nine Rings and six of the Seven Rings. The Elves led by Celeborn and Elrond are overwhelmed and Eregion is destroyed. Durin III leads an attack from Khazad-dum to allow Elrond to escape. The Dwarves retreat and the Doors of Durin are shut. Elrond establishes the refuge of Rivendell. Some Noldor relocate to Lothlorien including - according to one story - Celeborn and Galadriel. Celeborn helps strengthen the defenses of Lothlorien.

Sauron overruns Eriador. Sauron's forces besiege Rivendell but are unable to capture it.

Cirdan and Gil-galad defend the Grey Havens against Sauron's forces. A fleet from Numenor led by Admiral Ciryatur arrives. Sauron is forced to retreat.

Sauron's forces are defeated in the Battle of the Gwathlo and he returns to Mordor. Elrond is appointed vice-regent to Gil-galad and Rivendell becomes the stronghold of the Elves in Eriador. Elrond may have received Vilya at this time. Celeborn and Galadriel may have been in Rivendell at this time.

Death of Tar-Telperien in Numenor. She has no children, so the Sceptre passes to her nephew Tar-Minastir, the eleventh ruler of Numenor. (Note: The date of Tar-Minastir's accession to the throne contradicts other accounts stating that he was King of Numenor during the War of the Elves and Sauron from 1693 to 1701.)

Birth of Tar-Ciryatan's son Tar-Atanamir in Numenor. Sauron extends his power eastward around this time. Also around this time, the Numenoreans begin to establish dominions on the coasts of Middle-earth.

Tar-Minastir is coerced against his will to surrender the Sceptre to his son Tar-Ciryatan, the twelfth ruler of Numenor. The Numenoreans begin to oppress the Men of Middle-earth during his reign.

Death of Tar-Minastir in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Atanamir's son Tar-Ancalimon in Numenor.

Tar-Ciryatan surrenders the Sceptre to his son Tar-Atanamir, the thirteenth ruler of Numenor. Tar-Atanamir and others begin to speak openly against the Ban of the Valar and become resentful of the Valar and the Elves.

Death of Tar-Ciryatan in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Ancalimon's son Tar-Telemmaite in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Atanamir, the first King of Numenor to refuse to surrender the Sceptre to his heir before he died. His son Tar-Ancalimon becomes the fourteenth ruler of Numenor. The Numenoreans become divided between the King's Men and the Faithful. First appearance of the Nazgul - three of whom were once Numenorean lords. (Note: The date 2251 is incorrectly given as the year of Tar-Atanamir's accession to the throne in early editions of The Lord of the Rings. In addition, "The Line of Elros" in Unfinished Tales gives 2221 as the year of Tar-Atanamir's death.)

Birth of Tar-Telemmaite's daughter Tar-Vanimelde in Numenor.

The Numenoreans build a great fortress at the Havens of Umbar.

Birth of Herucalmo (later Tar-Anducal) in Numenor.

The Faithful of Numenor establish the haven of Pelargir near the Mouths of the Anduin.

Death of Tar-Ancalimon in Numenor. His son Tar-Telemmaite becomes fifteenth ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Vanimelde's son Tar-Alcarin in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Alcarin's son Tar-Calmacil in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Telemmaite in Numenor. His daughter Tar-Vanimelde becomes sixteenth ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Calmacil's eldest son Tar-Ardamin in Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Calmacil's younger son Gimilzagar in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Vanimelde in Numenor. Her husband Herucalmo usurps the Sceptre from their son Tar-Alcarin and rules under the name Tar-Anducal, but he is not counted as one of the rulers of Numenor.

Death of Herucalmo Tar-Anducal in Numenor. Tar-Alcarin becomes the seventeenth ruler of Numenor, although his reign rightfully began in 2637.

Birth of Tar-Ardamin's son Ar-Adunakhor in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Alcarin in Numenor. His son Tar-Calmacil becomes the eighteenth ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Ar-Adunakhor's son Ar-Zimrathon in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Calmacil in Numenor. His son Tar-Ardamin becomes the nineteenth ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Ar-Zimrathon's son Ar-Sakalthor in Numenor.

Death of Tar-Ardamin in Numenor. His son Ar-Adunakhor becomes the twentieth ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Ar-Sakalthor's son Ar-Gimilzor in Numenor.

Death of Ar-Adunakhor in Numenor. His son Ar-Zimrathon becomes the twenty-first ruler of Numenor.

Death of Ar-Zimrathon in Numenor. His son Ar-Sakalthor becomes the twenty-second ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Ar-Gimilzor's eldest son Tar-Palantir in Numenor.

Birth of Ar-Gimilzor's younger son Gimilkhad in Numenor.

Death of Ar-Sakalthor in Numenor. His son Ar-Gimilzor becomes the twenty-third ruler of Numenor.

Birth of Tar-Palantir's daughter Miriel in Numenor.

Birth of Gimilkhad's son Ar-Pharazon in Numenor.

Birth of Elendil in Numenor.

Death of Ar-Gimilzor in Numenor. His son Tar-Palantir becomes the twenty-fourth ruler of Numenor. He tries to repent the ways of his predecessors and is opposed by his brother Gimilkhad. (Note: The date 3175 is given in "The Tale of Years" of The Lord of the Rings, but in "The Line of Elros" in Unfinished Tales the original date 3175 was changed to 3177.)

Birth of Elendil's son Isildur in Numenor.

Birth of Elendil's son Anarion in Numenor.

Death of Gimilkhad in Numenor. His son Pharazon returns to Numenor from his territories in Middle-earth. Sauron begins expanding his domain into the Numenorean territories.

Death of Tar-Palantir in Numenor. Gimilkhad's son Pharazon forces Tar-Palantir's daughter Miriel - the rightful heir - to marry him and seizes power. Ar-Pharazon becomes the twenty-fifth and last ruler of Numenor.

Ar-Pharazon lands at Umbar with a great fleet.

Ar-Pharazon comes to Mordor and demands Sauron's surrender. Sauron submits to being taken to Numenor in hopes of bringing about their defeat by other means. In time he becomes a trusted counsellor of Ar-Pharazon and begins to corrupt him with the aid of the One Ring. In the years following, the Haradrim are enslaved and sacrificed by the Numenoreans.

Birth of Isildur's eldest son Elendur in Numenor.

Ar-Pharazon begins to build the Great Armament.

3310 or 3316
Elendil's father Amandil sails to the Undying Lands seeking the intervention of the Valar but is never seen again.

Birth of Anarion's son Meneldil, the last Man born in Numenor.

Ar-Pharazon tries to conquer the Undying Lands. Eru causes the fleet to sink and Numenor is destroyed under the waves. The Faithful escape to Middle-earth led by Elendil, Isildur, and Anarion. Sauron's body is destroyed but his spirit escapes and is able to bring the One Ring back to Middle-earth.

Foundation of the realms of Gondor and Arnor. Sauron returns to Mordor. Orthanc, Osgiliath, Minas Anor, and Minas Ithil are built around this time or soon after. The seven palantiri are distributed throughout Gondor and Arnor.

Birth of Isildur's son Aratan in Gondor.

Birth of Isildur's son Ciryon in Gondor.

Birth of Meneldil's son Cemendur in Gondor.

Smoke rises from Mount Doom. Sauron captures Minas Ithil and burns the White Tree. Anarion remains to defend Gondor while Isildur goes north to Arnor.

Elendil and Gil-galad form the Last Alliance to oppose Sauron. Birth of Isildur's son Valandil in Arnor.

The army of the Last Alliance gathers in Rivendell.

The army of the Last Alliance crosses the Misty Mountains. They are joined by forces from Lothlorien led by Amdir and from Greenwood led by Oropher and Dwarves from Khazad-dum. The Men of the Mountains break their oath to Isildur by refusing to join the war against Sauron around this time. Sauron destroys the land of the Entwives around this time to prevent the Last Alliance from using their crops.

War of the Last Alliance begins. Battle of Dagorlad. Amdir and half his force are killed. Amroth becomes King of Lothlorien. Oropher is killed. Thranduil becomes King of the Woodland Realm. Sauron's forces are defeated. Sauron is besieged in Barad-dur.

Anarion is killed during the Siege of Barad-dur.

Elendil and Gil-galad defeat Sauron but are themselves killed. Isildur takes the One Ring. Elrond and Cirdan counsel Isildur to destroy the One Ring, but he refuses. Sauron's spirit flees his body and hides in the East. Minas Ithil is reclaimed for Gondor. Around this time Treebeard goes in search of Fimbrethil but does not find her. End of the Second Age.

Third Age:

Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Anor. He leaves Anarion's son Meneldil in charge of Gondor and intends to live in Arnor and assume the High Kingship.

September 5: Isildur sets out for Arnor.

October 4: Isildur and his three elder sons Elendur, Aratan, and Ciryon are slain by Orcs in the Gladden Fields and the One Ring is lost in the waters. Meneldil becomes the third King of Gondor.

Isildur's esquire Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Arnor.

Isildur's son Valandil comes of age and becomes King of Arnor. He does not claim the High Kingship of both Gondor and Arnor. The two realms become separated. Valandil moves from Rivendell to Annuminas.

Birth of Cemendur's son Earendil in Gondor.

Birth of Valandil's son Eldacar in Arnor.

Celebrian - daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel - marries Elrond.

Birth of Elladan and Elrohir, twin sons of Elrond and Celebrian.

Birth of Earendil's son Anardil in Gondor.

Death of King Meneldil of Gondor. Cemendur becomes the fourth King of Gondor.

Birth of Eldacar's son Arantar in Arnor.

Birth of Anardil's son Ostoher in Gondor.

Death of King Cemendur of Gondor. Earendil becomes the fifth King of Gondor.

Birth of Arwen, daughter of Elrond and Celebrian.

Death of King Valandil of Arnor. Eldacar becomes fourth King of Arnor.

Birth of Arantar's son Tarcil in Arnor.

Birth of Ostoher's son Tarostar (later called Romendacil I) in Gondor.

Death of King Earendil of Gondor. Anardil becomes the sixth King of Gondor.

Death of King Eldacar of Arnor. Arantar becomes fifth King of Arnor.

Birth of Tarcil's son Tarondor in Arnor.

Birth of Romendacil I's son Turambar in Gondor.

Death of King Anardil of Gondor. Ostoher becomes the seventh King of Gondor.

King Ostoher rebuilds and enlarges Minas Anor and the Kings of Gondor begin to live there during the summer.

Death of King Arantar of Arnor. Tarcil becomes sixth King of Arnor.

Birth of Tarondor's son Valandur in Arnor.

Birth of Turambar's son Atanatar I in Gondor.

Easterlings attack Gondor for the first time.

Death of King Ostoher of Gondor. Tarostar (later Romendacil I) becomes the eighth King of Gondor.

King Tarostar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings and takes the name Romendacil I, meaning "East-victor."

Death of King Tarcil of Arnor. Tarondor becomes seventh King of Arnor.

Easterlings again attack Gondor and King Romendacil I is slain in battle. Turambar becomes the ninth King of Gondor. He avenges his father's death and gains territory in the east.

Birth of Valandur's son Elendur in Arnor.

Birth of Atanatar I's son Siriondil in Gondor.

Death of King Tarondor of Arnor. Valandur becomes eighth King of Arnor.

Birth of Elendur's son Earendur in Arnor.

King Valandur of Arnor slain in unknown circumstances. Elendur becomes ninth King of Arnor.

Birth of Siriondil's son Tarannon in Gondor.

Death of King Turambar of Gondor. Atanatar I becomes the tenth King of Gondor.

Birth of Earendur's eldest son Amlaith in Arnor.

Birth of Earnil I, nephew of Tarannon, in Gondor.

Death of King Atanatar I of Gondor. Siriondil becomes the eleventh King of Gondor.

Death of King Elendur of Arnor. Earendur becomes tenth King of Arnor.

Birth of Amlaith's son Beleg in Arnor.

Birth of Earnil I's son Ciryandil in Gondor.

Death of King Siriondil of Gondor. Tarannon becomes the twelfth King of Gondor. He expands Gondor's territory along the coasts west and south of the Mouths of the Anduin, and he takes the name Falastur meaning "Lord of the Coasts."

Death of King Earendur of Arnor. Arnor is divided into three kingdoms by his sons. Earendur's eldest son Amlaith becomes King of Arthedain while the others rule Cardolan and Rhudaur. Amlaith relocates the capital from Annuminas to Fornost. The Stone of Annuminas is moved to Fornost.

Birth of Beleg's son Mallor in Arthedain.

Birth of Ciryandil's son Ciryaher (later called Hyarmendacil I) in Gondor.

Death of King Tarannon Falastur of Gondor. He has no children, so his nephew Earnil I becomes the thirteenth King of Gondor.

King Earnil I of Gondor captures Umbar.

King Earnil I of Gondor lost at Sea. Ciryandil becomes the fourteenth King of Gondor.

Death of King Amlaith of Arthedain. Beleg becomes second King of Arthedain.

Birth of Hyarmendacil I's son Atanatar II in Gondor.

Birth of Mallor's son Celepharn in Arthedain.

The Five Wizards - Saruman, Gandalf, Radagast, Alatar and Pallando - arrive in Middle-earth around this time. Gandalf receives Narya from Cirdan. The Blue Wizards travel to Rhun to try to free the Easterlings from Sauron's influence. Saruman accompanies them but soon returns to western Middle-earth.

The Haradrim besiege Umbar for the next 35 years. King Ciryandil of Gondor is killed in battle. Ciryaher (later called Hyarmendacil I) becomes the fifteenth King of Gondor.

Death of King Beleg of Arthedain. Mallor becomes third King of Arthedain.

Birth of Atanatar II's eldest son Narmacil I in Gondor.

Sauron returns from the East and secretly builds the stronghold of Dol Guldur in Greenwood. A shadow falls over the forest and it becomes known as Mirkwood. King Ciryaher of Gondor conquers the Haradrim and gains territory in the south. He takes the name Hyarmendacil I meaning "South-victor." Gondor reaches the height of its power. The Harfoot branch of Hobbits cross the Misty Mountains into Eriador.

Birth of Atanatar II's younger son Calmacil in Gondor.

Birth of Celepharn's son Celebrindor in Arthedain.

The Wise learn that an evil power has built the stronghold of Dol Guldur in Mirkwood, but it is thought to be a Nazgul. Celeborn and Galadriel may have visited Lothlorien around this time to help build its defenses.

Death of King Mallor of Arthedain. Celepharn becomes fourth King of Arthedain.

Birth of Calmacil's son Minalcar (later called Romendacil II) in Gondor.

Birth of Celebrindor's son Malvegil in Arthedain.

Death of King Hyarmendacil I of Gondor. Atanatar II becomes the sixteenth King of Gondor. The waning of Gondor's power begins during his reign. Gandalf may have visited Gondor for the first time during his reign.

The Fallohide Hobbits move into Eriador and the Stoor Hobbits settle in Dunland and the Angle.

Death of King Celepharn of Arthedain. Celebrindor becomes fifth King of Arthedain.

Birth of Romendacil II's son Valacar in Gondor.

Death of King Atanatar II of Gondor. Narmacil I becomes the seventeenth King of Gondor. Birth of Malvegil's son Argeleb I in Arthedain.

King Narmacil I of Gondor makes his nephew Minalcar (later called Romendacil II) his Regent.

Minalcar - the Regent of Gondor - defeats a large army of Easterlings with the help of King Vidugavia of Rhovanion. Minalcar takes the name Romendacil II. The Argonath may have been built around this time.

Romendacil II of Gondor sends his son Valacar as an ambassador to the King Vidugavia of Rhovanion. Valacar marries Vidugavia's daughter Vidumavi soon afterwards.

Birth of Valacar's son Eldacar in Rhovanion.

Birth of Castamir in Gondor.

Romendacil II calls Valacar home to Gondor from the court of Vidugavia.

Death of King Celebrindor of Arthedain. Malvegil becomes sixth King of Arthedain.

Death of King Narmacil I of Gondor. He has no children, so his younger brother Calmacil becomes the eighteenth King of Gondor, though Romendacil II continues to rule as Regent.

c. 1300
The Hobbits establish a settlement at Bree. Evil things begin to multiply again in Middle-earth. Orcs infest the Misty Mountains. The Nazgul reappear. The Lord of the Nazgul establishes the realm of Angmar east of Arnor and becomes known as the Witch-king of Angmar.

Death of King Calmacil of Gondor. Romendacil II becomes the nineteenth King of Gondor.

Birth of Argeleb I's son Arveleg I in Arthedain.

Birth of Eldacar's second son Aldamir in Gondor.

1332 or 1344
Death of Valacar's wife Vidumavi in Gondor.

Death of King Malvegil of Arthedain. Argeleb I becomes seventh King of Arthedain.

King Argeleb I of Arthedain tries to claim rule of all of Arnor because the line of Isildur has died out in Cardolan and Rhudaur. Rhudaur joins with Angmar and attacks Arthedain. Argeleb I is killed. Arveleg I becomes eighth King of Arthedain. The Stoors leave the Angle and some return to Wilderland and settle on the banks of the Anduin.

Death of King Romendacil II of Gondor. Valacar becomes the twentieth King of Gondor.

Birth of Aldamir's son Vinyarion (later called Hyarmendacil II) in Gondor. Birth of Arveleg I's son Araphor in Arthedain.

Angmar attacks the Dunedain of the North. Rhudaur is completely subjugated and Cardolan is ravaged. The Tower of Amon Sul is destroyed. The Stone of Amon Sul is moved to Fornost. King Arveleg I of Arthedain is killed. Araphor becomes ninth King of Arthedain and drives back the enemy with the help of Cirdan and the Elves of Lindon along with Elves from Rivendell and Lothlorien.

Death of King Valacar of Gondor. Eldacar becomes twenty-first King of Gondor. Some in Gondor object because Eldacar is not of pure Numenorean descent. The civil war of the Kin-strife begins.

Osgiliath is captured and sacked by Castamir, who usurps the throne and becomes twenty-second King of Gondor. The Stone of Osgiliath is lost in the Anduin. Eldacar flees to Rhovanion. His son Ornendil is slain.

Eldacar returns to Gondor. He kills Castamir at the Battle of the Crossings of Erui and resumes the throne of Gondor. Castamir's sons flee to Pelargir where they are besieged by Eldacar.

Castamir's sons and their followers escape and capture Umbar.

Birth of Hyarmendacil II's son Minardil in Gondor.

Birth of Araphor's son Argeleb II in Arthedain.

Death of King Eldacar of Gondor. Aldamir becomes twenty-third King of Gondor.

Birth of Minardil's son Telemnar in Gondor.

King Aldamir of Gondor slain in battle with the Haradrim and the Corsairs of Umbar. Vinyarion (later called Hyarmendacil II) becomes twenty-fourth King of Gondor.

King Vinyarion of Gondor defeats the Haradrim and takes the name Hyarmendacil II, meaning "South-victor."

Birth of Argeleb II's son Arvegil in Arthedain.

Birth of Tarondor, nephew of Telemnar, in Gondor.

Death of King Araphor of Arthedain. Argeleb II becomes tenth King of Arthedain.

King Argeleb II of Arthedain allows the Hobbits led by Marcho and Blanco to settle in the Shire.

Death of King Hyarmendacil II of Gondor. Minardil becomes twenty-fifth King of Gondor.

Stoors from Dunland come to the Shire.

Birth of Tarondor's son Telumehtar in Gondor.

Birth of Arvegil's son Arveleg II in Arthedain.

The Corsairs of Umbar led by Angamaite and Sangahyando attack Pelargir and King Minardil of Gondor is killed. Telemnar becomes twenty-sixth King of Gondor.

The Great Plague begins to spread from the East, coming first to the Northmen of Rhovanion.

The Great Plague devastates Gondor. King Telemnar of Gondor and his children die. Telemnar's nephew Tarondor becomes twenty-seventh King of Gondor. Many inhabitants of Calenardhon perish. People from Osgiliath and Calenardhon move to Ithilien. The White Tree dies.  The watch on Mordor declines. The Plague spreads north to Eriador. The Dunedain of Cardolan perish. The Barrow-wights are sent by the Witch-king to inhabit the Barrow-downs.

The Great Plague spreads to the Shire and many Hobbits die. Arthedain is not as seriously affected.

King Tarondor of Gondor moves the capital to Minas Anor and plants a seedling of the White Tree. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin. Mordor is left unguarded.

Death of King Argeleb II of Arthedain. Arvegil becomes eleventh King of Arthedain.

Birth of Telumehtar's son Narmacil II in Gondor.

Birth of Arveleg II's son Araval in Arthedain.

Birth of Durin VI in Khazad-dum.

Birth of Narmacil II's son Calimehtar in Gondor.

Death of King Arvegil of Arthedain. Arveleg II becomes twelfth King of Arthedain.

Birth of Calimehtar's son Ondoher in Gondor.

Birth of Araval's son Araphant in Arthedain.

Death of King Tarondor of Gondor. Telumehtar becomes the twenty-eighth King of Gondor.

King Telumehtar of Gondor retakes Umbar and temporarily drives out the Corsairs, but Umbar is lost to the Men of Harad in the years following.

Death of King Arveleg II of Arthedain. Araval becomes thirteenth King of Arthedain.

Birth of Nain I in Khazad-dum.

Death of King Telumehtar of Gondor. Narmacil II becomes the twenty-ninth King of Gondor.

The attacks of the Wainriders upon the Northmen and Gondor begin. King Araval of Arthedain wins a temporary victory over Angmar. He tries to reoccupy Cardolan but is unsuccessful.

King Narmacil II of Gondor and Marhari of the Northmen are killed in the Battle of the Plains against the Wainriders. Calimehtar becomes the thirtieth King of Gondor. Gondor loses its territory east of the Anduin except Ithilien. The Northmen are slain, enslaved, or scattered. Marhari's son Marhwini leads a group of survivors to live in the Vales of the Anduin between the Gladden and the Carrock. They become the Eotheod. The eight Nazgul (apart from the Lord of the Nazgul) may have returned to Mordor around this time.

Birth of Araphant's son Arvedui in Arthedain. Malbeth the Seer predicts that Arvedui will be the Last King.

Birth of Pelendur in Gondor.

Birth of Earnil II in Gondor.

Death of King Araval of Arthedain. Araphant becomes fourteenth King of Arthedain.

Birth of Firiel, daughter of King Ondoher of Gondor.

King Calimehtar of Gondor defeats the Wainriders on Dagorlad with the help of Marhwini and the Eotheod.

King Calimehtar of Gondor builds the White Tower in Minas Anor.

Birth of Pelendur's son Vorondil in Gondor.

Birth of Earnil II's son Earnur in Gondor.

Birth of Thrain I in Khazad-dum.

Death of King Calimehtar of Gondor. Ondoher becomes thirty-first King of Gondor.

Birth of Arvedui's son Aranarth in Arthedain. (Note: This date is probably incorrect as it conflicts with the marriage of Arvedui two years later in 1940.)

Gondor and Arnor renew communications and recognize that they face a common enemy. King Ondoher of Gondor's daughter Firiel marries Arvedui of the North-kingdom. Pelendur may have become Steward to King Ondoher at this time.

The Wainriders and their allies Khand and Near Harad march to war against Gondor on two fronts.

July 9: News of approaching enemy forces from the southeast reaches Pelargir. Earnil and the Southern Army are already in position to meet them at the Poros.

July 12-13: Ondoher learns of an army approaching from the northeast. The Northern Army of Gondor and the Eotheod are taken by surprise before the Black Gate by an enemy army lurking in the shadow of the Ash Mountains. King Ondoher of Gondor and his sons Artamir and Faramir (I) are killed. Minohtar forms a rearguard to cover the retreat of Gondor's forces. Minohtar is killed late in the day on July 13 and Gondor's forces are routed. The Wainriders make camp that night. Earnil and the Southern Army take the Wainriders by surprise and defeat them in the Battle of the Camp.

After the defeat and the loss of the King and his heirs, Arvedui of the North-kingdom tries to claim the crown of Gondor, but his claim is rejected. The Steward Pelendur temporarily rules Gondor.

Earnil II - the victorious captain of the Battle of the Camp - becomes thirty-second King of Gondor.

Birth of Imrazor in Belfalas.

Birth of Vorondil's son Mardil Voronwe in Gondor.

Death of King Araphant of Arthedain. Arvedui becomes fifteenth and last King of Arthedain.

The Witch-king of Angmar prepares an assault on Arthedain. King Arvedui of Arthedain sends a request for help to Gondor.

Winter: The Witch-king invades Arthedain and captures Fornost. The North-kingdom ends. King Arvedui's sons and many other Dunedain retreat to Lindon. King Arvedui holds out in the North Downs and then retreats north to the Icebay of Forochel.

March: Cirdan sends a ship to rescue King Arvedui of Arthedain but the ship is wrecked in a storm in the Icebay of Forochel. Arvedui and all aboard perish. The Stone of Amon Sul and the Stone of Annuminas are lost in the Sea.

A fleet arrives at the Grey Havens from Gondor led by Earnur. The Witch-king's forces are defeated at the Battle of Fornost by the Dunedain of the North, Men of Gondor, Elves of Lindon and Rivendell, and Hobbit archers from the Shire. Earnur tries to confront the Witch-king. The Witch-king leaves the North. Glorfindel speaks a prophecy concerning his doom.

Arvedui's son Aranarth takes the title of Chieftain of the Dunedain. The Dunedain of the North become a wandering people. The heirlooms of the House of Isildur are kept at Rivendell. The Elendil Stone remains in Elostirion under the care of Cirdan and the Elves of Lindon.

Frumgar leads the Eotheod north to a new land at the source of the Anduin.

Bucca of the Marish becomes the first Thain of the Shire in the absence of a King.

The Lord of the Nazgul comes to Mordor and gathers the other Nazgul to him to prepare for Sauron's return. The Balrog awakes in Khazad-dum and kills King Durin VI. Nain I becomes King of Durin's Folk.

The Balrog kills King Nain I and the Dwarves flee Khazad-dum. Thrain I becomes King of Durin's Folk. Many Silvan Elves flee Lothlorien, including Nimrodel. King Amroth of Lothlorien follows Nimrodel and agrees to take her to the Undying Lands. They become separated on the way to Edhellond. The last Elves of Edhellond sail to the Undying Lands. Amroth's ship is swept out to Sea and he drowns trying to return to Nimrodel. Nimrodel's fate is unknown. Her companion Mithrellas marries Imrazor of Belfalas and from them are descended the Princes of Dol Amroth. Celeborn and Galadriel become Lord and Lady of Lothlorien.

Death of the Steward Pelendur of Gondor. Vorondil becomes Steward to King Earnil II of Gondor.

Thrain I establishes a realm under the Lonely Mountain. Birth of Mardil Voronwe's son Eradan in Gondor.

The Nazgul besiege Minas Ithil.

The Nazgul capture Minas Ithil, which becomes known as Minas Morgul. They gain possession of the Ithil-stone.

Birth of Galador, first Prince of Dol Amroth.

Birth of Aranarth's son Arahael of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of the Steward Vorondil of Gondor. Mardil Voronwe becomes Steward to King Earnil II of Gondor.

Birth of Thorin I in the Lonely Mountain.

Birth of Eradan's son Herion in Gondor.

Death of King Earnil II of Gondor. Earnur becomes the thirty-third King of Gondor. He is challenged by the Lord of the Nazgul but the Steward Mardil persuades him to refuse. The name of Minas Anor is changed to Minas Tirith, the Tower of Guard, because of the City's vigilance against Minas Morgul.

The Lord of the Nazgul challenges King Earnur of Gondor again. Earnur rides to Minas Morgul and never returns. The line of Kings ends. Mardil becomes the first Ruling Steward of Gondor.

It is feared that Sauron has arisen again and is inhabiting Dol Guldur in Mirkwood. Mardil, Steward of Gondor introduces a new calendar system called the Stewards' Reckoning.

Gandalf goes to Dol Guldur. Sauron flees into the East. The Watchful Peace begins. The Nazgul remain quiet in Minas Morgul. Beginning around this time, many inhabitants of Calenardhon migrate eastward and Isengard is left in the care of local chieftains.

Birth of Herion's son Belegorn in Gondor.

Death of Imrazor in Belfalas.

Death of Steward Mardil Voronwe of Gondor. Eradanbecomes the second Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Arahael's son Aranuir of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Aranarth, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arahael becomes second Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Death of Steward Eradan of Gondor. Herion becomes the third Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Belegorn's son Hurin I in Gondor.

Death of Prince Galador of Dol Amroth.

Birth of Gloin (I) in the Lonely Mountain.

Death of Steward Herion of Gondor. Belegorn becomes the fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Aranuir's son Aravir of the Dunedain of the North.

Birth of Hurin I's son Turin I in Gondor.

Death of Arahael, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Aranuir becomes third Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Death of King Thrain I in the Lonely Mountain. Thorin I becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Death of Steward Belegorn of Gondor. Hurin I becomes the fifth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Thorin I and many other Dwarves settle in the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Aravir's son Aragorn I of the Dunedain of the North.

Birth of Oin (I) in the Grey Mountains.

Death of Steward Hurin I of Gondor. Turin I becomes the sixth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Turin I's son Hador in Gondor.

Death of Aranuir, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Aravir becomes fourth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Death of Steward Turin I of Gondor. Hador becomes the seventh Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Death of King Thorin I in the Grey Mountains. Gloin (I) becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Birth of Hador's son Barahir in Gondor.

Birth of Aragorn I's son Araglas of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Aravir, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Aragorn I becomes fifth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Aragorn I, Chieftain of the Dunedain, is killed by wolves. Araglas becomes sixth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Birth of Barahir's son Dior in Gondor.

Birth of Nain II in the Grey Mountains.

Gorhendad Oldbuck leads his people to Buckland and changes the family name to Brandybuck. He becomes the first Master of Buckland. The excavation of Brandy Hall is begun. The office of Thain passes from the Oldbucks to the Tooks. Isumbras I becomes thirteenth Thain and the first of the Took line.

An extra day is added to the year 2360 in the Stewards' Reckoning to make up for a deficit of eight hours that accrued over the centuries.

Birth of Araglas's son Arahad I of the Dunedain of the North.

Birth of Dior's nephew Denethor I in Gondor.

Death of King Gloin. Oin (I) becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Death of Steward Hador of Gondor. Barahir becomes the eighth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Denethor I's son Boromir (I) in Gondor.

Death of Steward Barahir of Gondor. Dior becomes the ninth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Arahad I's son Aragost of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Steward Dior of Gondor. His nephew Denethor I becomes the tenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Dain I in the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Cirion, son of Boromir (I), in Gondor.

Birth of Borin in the Grey Mountains.

Death of Araglas, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arahad I becomes seventh Chieftain of the Dunedain.

c. 2459
Birth of Leod, father of Eorl.

Sauron returns with increased strength to Dol Guldur. The Watchful Peace ends.

The White Council is formed at the request of Galadriel. She wants Gandalf to be the leader, but Saruman is chosen instead. Deagol finds the One Ring and is murdered for it by Smeagol.

Smeagol goes to live in the tunnels of the Misty Mountains.

Ithilien is invaded by Uruks led by the Nazgul. They are driven back by Boromir (I) but Osgiliath is ruined and deserted.

Death of Steward Denethor I of Gondor. Boromir (I) becomes the eleventh Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Sauron sends Orcs, Trolls and other evil creatures to live in Khazad-dum, now called Moria. Orcs make other strongholds in the Misty Mountains to block the passes into Eriador. Birth of Cirion's son Hallas in Gondor.

Birth of Eorl of the Eotheod.

Death of King Oin in the Grey Mountains. Nain II becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Death of Steward Boromir of Gondor. Cirion becomes the twelfth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Aragost's son Aravorn of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Eorl's father Leod. Eorl becomes the leader of the Eotheod. He tames the wild horse Felarof, father of the mearas.

Elrond's wife Celebrian is captured and tormented by Orcs in the Misty Mountains. She is rescued by her sons Elladan and Elrohir.

Celebrian decides to leave Middle-earth and goes to the Undying Lands. Calenardhon is invaded by the Balchoth. Isengard is besieged. Cirion, Steward of Gondor, sends messengers north seeking help from the Eotheod.

March 10: Borondir and another messenger begin the journey north to the land of the Eotheod.
March 25: Borondir arrives in the northern Vales of the Anduin and delivers his message to Eorl.

April 6: Eorl and his eohere set out for Gondor.
April 15: Eorl and his Riders help Cirion and the Men of Gondor defeat the Balchoth at the Battle of the Field of Celebrant. Death of Borondir.

August: Eorl and Cirion meet on Halifirien. Cirion gives the land of Calenardhon - which becomes known as Rohan - to Eorl and his people. Eorl swears an oath to remain an ally of Gondor and to help them in time of need.

Birth of Eorl's son Brego in Rohan.

Birth of Hallas's son Hurin II in Gondor.

Death of Arahad I, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Aragost becomes eighth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Birth of Thror in the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Brego's second son Aldor in Rohan.

Death of King Eorl in battle with the Easterlings. Brego becomes second King of Rohan. Brego begins to drive the Dunlendings out of Rohan. Birth of Hurin II's son Belecthor I in Gondor.

Birth of Fror in the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Farin in the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Aravorn's son Arahad II of the Dunedain of the North. Birth of Gror in the Grey Mountains.

Death of Steward Cirion of Gondor. Hallas becomes the thirteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

The hall of Meduseld is completed.

King Brego of Rohan's son and heir Baldor enters the Paths of the Dead and never returns. Brego dies of grief. Aldor becomes third King of Rohan. Birth of Aldor's son Frea. Dragons from the Northern Waste begin to trouble the Dwarves of the Grey Mountains.

Birth of Belecthor I's son Orodreth in Gondor.

Death of King Nain II in the Grey Mountains. Dain I becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Death of Aragost, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Aravorn becomes ninth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

King Dain I and his son Fror are slain by a Cold-drake in the Grey Mountains. Thror becomes King of Durin's Folk.

Dwarves flee from the Grey Mountains. Gror leads some to the Iron Hills. Thror leads others to the Lonely Mountain.

Birth of Frea's son Freawine in Rohan.

Birth of Orodreth's son Ecthelion I in Gondor.

Death of Steward Hallas of Gondor. Hurin II becomes the fourteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Freawine's son Goldwine in Rohan.

Birth of Isengrim Took II in the Shire.

Birth of Egalmoth in Gondor.

Death of Steward Hurin II of Gondor. Belecthor I becomes the fifteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Birth of Arahad II's son Arassuil of the Dunedain of the North.

Birth of Goldwine's son Deor in Rohan. Birth of Thrain II in the Lonely Mountain.

Death of King Aldor of Rohan. Freabecomes fourth King of Rohan. Dunlendings begin to settle around Isengard with the help of the chieftains of Isengard - who are no longer Men of Gondor but have mixed Dunlendish blood.

Death of Aravorn, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arahad II becomes tenth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Death of Steward Belecthor I of Gondor. Orodreth becomes the sixteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Birth of Egalmoth's son Beren.

Death of King Frea of Rohan. Freawine becomes fifth King of Rohan.

Birth of Fundin in the Lonely Mountain.

Birth of Nain in the Iron Hills.

Birth of Isumbras Took III in the Shire.

Birth of Deor's son Gram in Rohan.

c. 2670
Tobold Hornblower plants the first pipe-weed in the Southfarthing of the Shire.

Birth of Groin in the Lonely Mountain.

Death of King Freawine of Rohan. Goldwine becomes sixth King of Rohan.

Isengrim II becomes Thain and starts construction of the Great Smials.

Death of Steward Orodreth of Gondor. Ecthelion I becomes the seventeenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Gram's son Helm Hammerhand in Rohan.

Birth of Arassuil's son Arathorn I of the Dunedain of the North.

Steward Ecthelion I of Gondor rebuilds the White Tower in Minas Tirith. Death of Steward Ecthelion I. He has no children, so his kinsman Egalmoth becomes the eighteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Death of King Goldwine of Rohan. Deor becomes seventh King of Rohan.

Birth of Beren's son Beregond in Gondor.

Birth of Ferumbras Took II in the Shire.

Birth of Bandobras Took in the Shire.

The Dunlendings take control of Isengard. King Deor of Rohan defeats an army of Dunlendings in the Westfold but is unable to retake the stronghold. Deor sends a message to the Steward Egalmoth of Gondor but he can't spare any forces.

Death of Borin in the Lonely Mountain.

Death of King Deor of Rohan. Gram becomes eighth King of Rohan.

Death of Arahad II, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arassuil becomes eleventh Chieftain of the Dunedain.

Death of Thain Isengrim II in the Shire. Isumbras III becomes twenty-third Thain.

Birth of Frealaf, son of Helm's sister Hild in Rohan.

Birth of Gundolpho Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Gormadoc Brandybuck in the Shire.

Orcs from the Misty Mountains begin to cause trouble in Eriador.

Death of King Gram of Rohan. Helm becomes ninth King of Rohan.

Death of Steward Egalmoth of Gondor. Beren becomes the nineteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Fortinbras Took I in the Shire.

The Dunedain of the North and Elladan and Elrohir fight a number of battles with Orcs from the Misty Mountains during this time.

Birth of Thorin Oakenshield in the Lonely Mountain. The fifteenth Prince of Dol Amroth is killed by Corsairs.

The Hobbits of the Shire led by Bandobras Took defeat a band of Orcs from the Misty Mountains led by Golfimbul in the Battle of Greenfields. Bandobras Took slays Golfimbul.

Birth of Frerin in the Lonely Mountain.

Birth of Beregond's son Belecthor II in Gondor. Birth of Frealaf's son Brytta in Rohan.

King Helm kills Freca, a man of Rohan with Dunlendish blood.

Birth of Arathorn I's son Argonui of the Dunedain of the North.

Gondor is attacked by fleets from Umbar and Harad, but Beregond drives them away. Freca's son Wulf leads the Dunlendings to invade Rohan from the west while Easterlings invade from the east. Wulf captures Edoras. Death of Helm's son Haleth. Helm takes refuge in the stronghold that becomes known as Helm's Deep. The Long Winter begins in November. Gandalf comes to the aid of the Hobbits of the Shire.

Death of Helm's son Hama. Death of Helm. The Long Winter ends in March. In the spring thaw, there is great flooding around the Mouths of the Entwash. Many Easterlings perish and the rest retreat. Helm's nephew Frealaf retakes Edoras, kills Wulf, and drives the Dunlendings out of Rohan. Frealaf becomes tenth King of Rohan. The Dunlendings are starved out of Isengard and surrender to Frealaf. Steward Beren of Gondor allows Saruman to live at Isengard. Death of Thain Isumbras III in the Shire. Ferumbras II becomes twenty-fourth Thain.

A famine called the Days of Dearth begins during the Long Winter of 2758-58 and lasts until 2760. Birth of Dis in the Lonely Mountain. Birth of Hamfast of Gamwich in the Shire.

Death of Steward Beren of Gondor. Beregond becomes the twentieth Ruling Stewardof Gondor. Gondor begins to recover its strength. Birth of Balin at the Lonely Mountain.

Birth of Dain Ironfoot in the Iron Hills. Birth of Balbo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Bosco Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Basso Boffin in the Shire.

Smaug the Dragon captures the Lonely Mountain and destroys Dale. Lord Girion of Dale is slain but his wife and child escape. Some Dwarves escape including Thror, Thrain II and Thorin. They wander homeless for a time and eventually settle in Dunland. Birth of Briffo Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Dwalin. Birth of Berylla Boffin Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Gundahar Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Madoc Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Rudolph Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Sadoc Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Brytta's son Walda in Rohan. Birth of Gundahad Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Belecthor II's son Thorondir in Gondor. Birth of Marroc Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Gloin, father of Gimli.

Death of Arassuil, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arathorn I becomes twelfth Chieftain of the Dunedain.

c. 2788
Birth of Roac the Raven at the Lonely Mountain.

Thror enters the Dimrill Gate of Moria and is slain by Azog. Thrain II becomes King of Durin's Folk. The Dwarves prepare for war against the Orcs. Birth of Gerontius Took in the Shire.

The War of the Dwarves and the Orcs begins.

Basso Boffin of the Shire goes to Sea.

Death of King Frealaf of Rohan. Brytta becomes eleventh King of Rohan.

Battle of Azanulbizar between the Dwarves and the Orcs. Nain is killed by Azog. Dain Ironfoot kills Azog. Deaths of Fundin and Frerin. The Dwarves are victorious but do not recolonize Moria, where the Balrog still dwells. Some Orcs flee south to the White Mountains. Dain Ironfoot returns to the Iron Hills. Thrain II and Thorin return to Dunland. The sixteenth Prince of Dol Amroth is killed in battle in unknown circumstances.

Orcs in the White Mountains begin to trouble Rohan. Birth of Wiseman Gamwich in the Shire.

Death of Thain Ferumbras II in the Shire. Fortinbras I becomes twenty-fifth Thain.

Thrain II settles in the Blue Mountains with his people including Thorin and Balin.

Death of Farin.

Birth of Walda's son Folca in Rohan.

Death of Gror in the Iron Hills.

Death of Bandobras Took in the Shire.

Birth of Mungo Baggins in the Shire.

Briffo Boffin relocates from the Shire to Bree. Birth of Holman the Greenhanded in the Shire. Birth of Fastolph Bolgerin the Shire

Death of Steward Beregond of Gondor. Belecthor II becomes the twenty-first Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Otto Boffin in the Shire. Birth of Pansy Baggins Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Thorondir's son Turin II in Gondor. Birth of Adalgar Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Ponto Baggins (I) in the Shire.

Birth of Marmadoc Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Adaldrida Bolger Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Argonui's son Arador of the Dunedain of the North. Birth of Largo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Cottar in the Shire.

Birth of Gundabald Bolger in the Shire. Birth of Lily Baggins Goodbody in the Shire.

Birth of Salvia Brandybuck Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Aglahad of Dol Amroth.

Birth of Folca's son Folcwine in Rohan. Death of Gundolpho Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Isengrim Took III in the Shire.

c. 2835
Birth of Hildigard Took in the Shire.

Death of Gormadoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Madoc Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland.

Birth of Isumbras Took IV in the Shire.

Birth of Hildigrim Took in the Shire.

April 21: Thrain II travels eastward accompanied by Balin and Dwalin in an effort to reclaim the Lonely Mountain.

Death of King Brytta of Rohan. Walda becomes twelfth King of Rohan. Birth of Isembold Took in the Shire.

Birth of Hildifons Took in the Shire.

Thrain II is captured on the edge of Mirkwood and taken to Dol Guldur. Sauron takes the Last of the Seven Rings from him. Balin and Dwalin seek him in vain then return home to the Blue Mountains.

Birth of Bungo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Hob Gammidge in the Shire.

Birth of Isembard Took in the Shire.

Death of Arathorn I, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Argonui becomes thirteenth Chieftain of the Dunedain. Death of Thain Fortinbras I in the Shire. Gerontius Took becomes twenty-sixth Thain.

Birth of Hildibrand Took in the Shire. Birth of Rowan Gammidge in the Shire.

Gandalf returns to Dol Guldur and learns that the evil presence is Sauron. Gandalf finds Thrain II in the dungeon and receives the map and key of the Lonely Mountain from him. Death of Thrain II. Thorin Oakenshield becomes King of Durin's Folk.

At a White Council meeting in Rivendell, Gandalf urges an attack on Sauron at Dol Guldur but Saruman overrules him. Elrond has misgivings. Saruman begins to desire the One Ring for himself and starts searching the Gladden Fields. King Walda of Rohan is killed by Orcs in the White Mountains. Folca becomes thirteenth King of Rohan. Birth of Halfred Greenhand in the Shire.

Birth of Belladonna Took Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Erling in the Shire. Birth of Hugo Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Turin II's son Turgon in Gondor. Birth of Rudigar Bolger in the Shire. Death of Hildigard Took in the Shire around this time.

Birth of Rosa Baggins Took in the Shire. Birth of Donnamira Took Boffin in the Shire. Birth of Belba Baggins Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Uffo Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Folcwine's twin sons Folcred and Fastred in Rohan. Death of Bosco Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Fili in the Blue Mountains. Birth of Hending in the Shire.

Birth of Longo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Polo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Gorbadoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Mirabella Took Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Cotman in the Shire. Birth of Rollo Boffin in the Shire. Birth of Rudibert Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Theobald Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Isengar Took in the Shire. Birth of Rose, daughter of Holman the Greenhanded, in the Shire. Birth of Linda Baggins Proudfoot in the Shire.

Birth of Carl in the Shire.

King Folca of Rohan drives the last Orcs from the White Mountains. He is killed by the Boar of Everholt in the Firien Wood. Folcwine becomes fourteenth King of Rohan. Birth of Kili in the Blue Mountains. Birth of Bingo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Fosco Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Ruby Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Primrose Boffin Bracegirdle in the Shire.

Birth of Angelimir of Dol Amroth. Birth of Thorin III Stonehelm in the Iron Hills.

Birth of Orgulas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Folcwine's son Fengel in Rohan.

Death of Steward Belecthor II of Gondor. Thorondir becomes the twenty-second Ruling Steward of Gondor. The White Tree dies and no seedling can be found. The Dead Tree is left standing in Minas Tirith. (This date is incorrectly given as 2852 in "The Tale of Years.")

Birth of Arador's son Arathorn II of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Gundahar Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Madoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Marmadoc Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland.

Birth of Fortinbras Took II in the Shire.

Birth of Gimli in the Blue Mountains.

Birth of Adalgrim Took in the Shire.

Death of Steward Thorondir of Gondor. Turin II becomes the twenty-third Ruling Steward of Gondor.

Birth of Lalia Clayhanger Took in the Shire.

Stirred up by emissaries of Sauron, the Haradrim invade Ithilien. The Haradrim are defeated by the forces of Gondor and Rohan in the Battle of the Crossings of Poros. Folcred and Fastred of Rohan are killed. Birth of Hobson Gamgee in the Shire.

Birth of Turgon's son Ecthelion II in Gondor.

Birth of Flambard Took in the Shire.

Birth of Sigismond Took in the Shire.

September 22: Birth of Bilbo Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Holman Greenhand in the Shire.

Birth of Jago Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Herugar Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Jessamine Boffin Bolger in the Shire.

Death of the eighteenth Prince of Dol Amroth. Aglahad becomes nineteenth Prince of Dol Amroth.

Birth of Gruffo Boffin in the Shire. Death of Otto Boffin in the Shire. Death of Mungo Baggins in the Shire.

Most of the remaining inhabitants of Ithilien flee because of attacks by Uruks from Mordor. The secret refuge of Henneth Annun is built. Birth of Adalbert Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Dora Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Posco Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Rorimac Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Holman Cotton in the Shire.

Death of King Folcwine of Rohan. Fengel becomes fifteenth King of Rohan. Birth of Falco Chubb-Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Amaranth Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Gerda Boffin Bolger in the Shire. Birth of Wilibald Bolger in the Shire. Birth of Odo Proudfoot in the Shire.

Birth of Fengel's son Thengel in Rohan.

Birth of Prisca Baggins Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Gilraen, mother of Aragorn.

Birth of Frodo's father Drogo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Gorbulas Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Saradas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Otho Sackville-Baggins in the Shire. Death of Marmadoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Gorbadoc Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland.

The Fell Winter. The Brandywine freezes and white wolves enter the Shire. Birth of Dudo Baggins in the Shire. Death of Ponto Baggins (I) in the Shire. Birth of Dodinas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Tharbad is ruined by floods in the spring thaw and is deserted. Death of Argonui, Chieftain of the Dunedain. Arador becomes fourteenth Chieftain of the Dunedain. Death of Largo Baggins in the Shire. Death of Lily Baggins Goodbody in the Shire.

Birth of Bruno Bracegirdle in the Shire. Birth of Asphodel Brandybuck Burrows in the Shire.

Death of Steward Turin II of Gondor. Turgon becomes the twenty-fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Fortinbras Took II marries Lalia Clayhanger in the Shire. Death of Adalgar Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Laura Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Dinodas Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Ferumbras Took III in the Shire.

Birth of Adrahil of Dol Amroth.

Birth of Lobelia Sackville-Baggins in the Shire.

Death of Gerontius, the Old Took, in the Shire at the age of 130. Isengrim III becomes twenty-seventh Thain. Birth of Frodo's mother Primula Brandybuck Baggins in the Shire.

c. 2922
Birth of Morwen Steelsheen, mother of Theoden.

Birth of Andwise Roper in the Shire. Death of Groin.

Death of Bilbo's father Bungo Baggins. Birth of Sam's father Hamfast "Gaffer" Gamgee in the Shire.

Birth of Adelard Took in the Shire. Birth of May Gamgee, aunt of Sam, in the Shire.

Arathorn II of the Dunedain of the North marries Gilraen.

Arador, Chieftain of the Dunedain, is slain by Trolls. Arathorn II becomes fifteenth Chieftain of the Dunedain. Birth of Ecthelion II's son Denethor II in Gondor. Death of Thain Isengrim III in the Shire. Isumbras IV becomes twenty-eighth Thain.

March 1: Birth of Aragorn, son of Arathorn II, Chieftain of the Dunedain of the North.

Death of Prince Aglahad of Dol Amroth. Angelimir becomes twentieth Prince of Dol Amroth. Birth of Halfred Gamgee of Overhill in the Shire.

Arathorn II, Chieftain of the Dunedain, is killed by an Orc. His son two-year-old son Aragorn is fostered at Rivendell by Elrond. Birth of Pippin's father Paladin Took II in the Shire.

Death of Bilbo's mother Belladonna Took Baggins in the Shire. Death of Hildibrand Took in the Shire.

Birth of Odovacar Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Merry's mother Esmeralda Took Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Vigo Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Rosamunda Took Bolger in the Shire.

Sauron's servants search the Gladden Fields for the One Ring. Saruman, who also wants to find the Ring, becomes alarmed. Death of Thain Isumbras IV in the Shire. Fortinbras II becomes twenty-ninth Thain.

Birth of Merry's father Saradoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Ferdinand Took in the Shire.

Death of Hildigrim Took in the Shire. Birth of Farmer Tom Cotton in the Shire.

March 15: Gandalf meets Thorin Oakenshield in Bree and they begin to devise a plan to reclaim the Lonely Mountain from Smaug.

April 5: Bilbo Baggins leaves home and tells his gardener Holman Greenhand that he hopes to meet some Elves since the next day is the Elves' New Year. While he is away, Gandalf visits Hobbiton and speaks to Holman.

April 25: Gandalf visits Bag End.
April 26: An unexpected party at Bag End with thirteen Dwarves and one Wizard. Bilbo learns of Smaug and the Lonely Mountain.
April 27: Bilbo sets out for the Lonely Mountain with Thorin & Company.

Late May: Bilbo encounters the Trolls Tom, Bert and William in the Trollshaws. Gandalf tricks the the Trolls into arguing until dawn, when they turn to stone. From their hoard, Gandalf acquires Glamdring, Thorin acquires Orcrist, and Bilbo acquires Sting.

June: Bilbo, Gandalf, and the Dwarves visit Rivendell, home of Elrond.

Summer: Bilbo and the Dwarves are captured by Orcs in the Misty Mountains. Gandalf rescues them and beheads the Great Goblin. Bilbo becomes separated from his companions. He finds the One Ring and meets Gollum. Bilbo escapes and is reunited with Gandalf and the Dwarves.

Late Summer - Early Autumn: Gandalf parts company with Thorin & Company and heads south to a meeting of the White Council. He convinces the Council to attack Dol Guldur and Sauron flees.

Autumn: Bilbo and the Dwarves become lost in Mirkwood. Bilbo rescues his companions twice: Once from the Great Spiders and again from the Elven-king's prison.

September 22: Thorin & Company arrive in Lake-town.

Durin's Day: Bilbo finds the keyhole of the secret door in the Lonely Mountain. He sneaks into Smaug's lair and takes a cup. The next day he again enters the dragon's lair and speaks to Smaug. Smaug leaves the Mountain and attacks Lake-town and is killed by Bard. Lake-town is destroyed but is later rebuilt.

Late Autumn/Early Winter: Men and Elves come to the Lonely Mountain seeking a share of the dragon's hoard. Thorin refuses. Bilbo tries to break the stalemate by taking the Arkenstone to Bard and King Thranduil. Dain Ironfoot arrives with reinforcements from the Iron Hills. Gandalf returns. Orcs and Wargs from the Misty Mountains attack. The Dwarves, Elves, and Men unite to fight the Battle of the Five Armies helped by Beorn and the Eagles. Beorn slays the Orc-leader Bolg. Deaths of Thorin Oakenshield, Fili, and Kili. Dain Ironfoot becomes King under the Mountain and King of Durin's Folk.

Mid-winter to Yule: On the return journey, Bilbo and Gandalf visit Beorn.

Sauron returns in secret to Mordor. Birth of Merimac Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Filibert Bolger in the Shire.

May 1: Bilbo Baggins and Gandalf come to Rivendell.

June 22: Bilbo Baggins returns to Bag End and learns he has been declared dead.

Thengel of Rohan marries Morwen of Lossarnach. Birth of Marmadas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Bard rebuilds Dale and becomes King. Gollum emerges from the Misty Mountains and begins searching for the Ring. Birth of Griffo Boffin in the Shire. Birth of Poppy Chubb-Baggins Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Hugo Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Ponto Baggins (II) in the Shire. Death of Isembard Took in the Shire. Death of Isembold Took in the Shire. Birth of Wilcome "Will" Cotton in the Shire. Birth of Olo Proudfoot in the Shire.

Birth of Ivriniel, daughter of Prince Adrahil of Dol Amroth. Birth of Wilimar Bolger in the Shire. Birth of Milo Burrows in the Shire.

Birth of Thengel's son Theoden of Rohan in Gondor. Birth of Porto Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Seredic Brandybuck in the Shire. Death of Donnamira Took Boffin in the Shire. Death of Rudigar Bolger in the Shire.

Balin and Gandalf visit Bilbo Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Finduilas, daughter of Prince Adrahil of Dol Amroth. Death of Longo Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Daisy Baggins Boffin in the Shire. Birth of Hugo Bracegirdle in the Shire. Birth of Peony Baggins Burrows in the Shire.

Sauron declares himself openly and gathers power and begins the rebuilding of Barad-dur. Khamul and one or two other Nazgul are sent to occupy Dol Guldur. Gollum's trail is lost when he turns toward Mordor and Gandalf does not continue to pursue him. Elrond tells Aragorn his true heritage as sixteenth Chieftain of the Dunedain and the heir of Isildur. Aragorn receives the shards of Narsil. Aragorn meets Arwen at Rivendell. Aragorn then embarks into the Wild on many adventures. Birth of Heribald Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Steward Turgon of Gondor. Ecthelion II becomes the twenty-fifth Ruling Steward of Gondor. Death of King Fengel of Rohan. Thengel returns to Rohan and becomes the sixteenth King. Last meeting of the White Council. Saruman tells the Council that the One Ring was washed down to the Sea. Saruman claims Isengard as his own and begins to fortify it and build an army. He begins to spy on Gandalf and sends agents to Bree and the Shire.

Mount Doom bursts into flame again. The last inhabitants of Ithilien flee over the Anduin.

Birth of Imrahil of Dol Amroth.

Aragorn meets Gandalf and they become friends and allies. Death of Belba Baggins Bolger in the Shire.

Aragorn journeys throughout Middle-earth. He serves King Thengel of Rohan and Ecthelion II, Steward of Gondor during this period.

Death of Bingo Baggins in the Shire. Death of Fosco Baggins in the Shire. Death of Mirabella Took Brandybuck in the Shire. Death of Isengar Took in the Shire. Birth of Nora Bolger in the Shire.

Birth of Anson Roper in the Shire. Hamfast Gamgee takes over from Holman Greenhand as gardener at Bag End around this time.

Birth of Thengel's daughter Theodwyn in Rohan. Death of Gorbadoc Brandybuck in the Shire. Rorimac Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland. Death of Linda Baggins Proudfoot in the Shire.

Birth of Lotho Sackville-Baggins in the Shire.

Birth of Hamson Gamgee in the Shire.

September 22: Birth of Frodo Baggins.

Birth of Reginard Took in the Shire. Birth of Halfred Gamgee, brother of Sam, in the Shire.

Birth of Daisy Gamgee, sister of Sam, in the Shire. Birth of Halfast Gamgee in the Shire.

Birth of Pippin's sister Pearl Took in the Shire.

Denethor II of Gondor marries Finduilas of Dol Amroth. Birth of May Gamgee, sister of Sam, in the Shire.

Death of King Bard of Dale. Bain becomes King of Dale. Death of Prince Angelimir of Dol Amroth. Adrahil becomes twenty-first Prince of Dol Amroth.

Birth Denethor's son Boromir in Gondor. Birth of Theoden's son Theodred in Rohan. Theoden's wife Elfhild dies in childbirth. Birth of Folco Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Pippin's sister Pimpernel Took in the Shire.

Death of King Thengel of Rohan. Theoden becomes seventeenth King of Rohan.

Aragorn defeats the Corsairs of Umbar and kills the Captain of the Haven while in the serving Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor under the assumed name of Thorongil. Aragorn and Arwen become betrothed in Lothlorien on Midsummer's Eve. Elrond tells Aragorn that he must become King of Gondor and Arnor before they can marry.

Gollum reaches the outskirts of Mordor and meets Shelob.

Death of Frodo's parents, Drogo and Primula Baggins. Death of Thain Fortinbras II in the Shire. Ferumbras III becomes thirtieth Thain. Birth of Berilac Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Everard Took in the Shire. Birth of Tom Cotton in the Shire. Birth of Fredegar "Fatty" Bolger in the Shire.

April 6: Birth of Sam Gamgee.

Birth of Angelica Baggins in the Shire. Birth of Merimas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Merry Brandybuck. Death of Adalgrim Took in the Shire.

Birth of Denethor's son Faramir in Gondor. Birth of Mentha Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Ferdibrand Took in the Shire. Birth of Sam's sister Marigold Gamgee in the Shire.

Death of Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor. Denethor II becomes the twenty-sixth and last Ruling Steward of Gondor. He begins to use the palantir around this time. Eventually he comes in contact with Sauron and is shown images of the might of Mordor. Birth of Sam's wife Rose Cotton in the Shire. Birth of Wilcome "Jolly" Cotton in the Shire. Death of Hobson Gamgee in the Shire.

Birth of Merry's wife Estella Bolger Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Pippin's sister Pervinca Took in the Shire. Birth of Melilot Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Bowman Cotton in the Shire. Death of Jago Boffin in the Shire.

Birth of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth's son and heir Elphir. Birth of Mosco Burrows in the Shire.

Death of Finduilas, wife of the Steward Denethor II of Gondor. Birth of Tosto Boffin in the Shire.

Balin leads an expedition to colonize Khazad-dum. They fight Orcs in the Dimrill Dale and Floi is killed. Bilbo Baggins invites his orphaned cousin Frodo Baggins to live with him at Bag End around this time. Marriage of Eomund and Theodwyn in Rohan. Birth of Doderic Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Carl Cotton in the Shire. Death of Flambard Took in the Shire.

Birth of Pippin Took. Birth of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth's second son Erchirion. Saruman may have begun cross-breeding Orcs and Men around this time. Bergil's uncle Iorlas may have been born around this time. Death of Herugar Bolger in the Shire. Birth of Sancho Proudfoot in the Shire.

Birth of Eomer, son of Theodwyn and Eomund, in Rohan. Birth of Ilberic Brandybuck in the Shire. Birth of Moro Burrows in the Shire. Death of Sigismond Took in the Shire.

Birth of Myrtle Burrows in the Shire.

Birth of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth's third son Amrothos. Birth of Celandine Brandybuck in the Shire.

November 10: Balin killed by an Orc in Dimrill Dale. In the days following, the colony in Khazad-dum is destroyed and all the Dwarves are slain including Frar, Loni, Nali,Oin, and Ori.

Birth of Eowyn, daughter of Theodwyn and Eomund, in Rohan. Birth of Pippin's wife Diamond of Long Cleeve in the Shire.

Birth of Minto Burrows in the Shire.

Death of Adalbert Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Amaranth Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth's daughter Lothiriel. Death of Falco Chubb-Baggins in the Shire. Death of Dodinas Brandybuck in the Shire. Death of Gruffo Boffin in the Shire.

c. 3000
The shadow of Mordor lengthens. Merry Brandybuck learns about Bilbo's Ring. Saruman uses the palantir and is ensnared by Sauron and becomes a traitor to the White Council. Saruman learns from his spies that the Rangers are guarding the Shire. Death of Wilibald Bolger in the Shire.

September 22: Bilbo turns 111 and throws a Farewell Party at which he announces his intention to leave the Shire. Bilbo voluntarily leaves behind the Ring. Frodo comes of age and inherits Bag End from Bilbo.

September 23: Merry helps Frodo sort out Bilbo's possessions.

Gandalf begins to suspect that Bilbo's magic ring is the One Ring. The Dunedain of the North double their guard on the Shire. Aragorn begins the search for Gollum at the request of Gandalf.

Eomund of Rohan is killed by Orcs in the Emyn Muil. Theodwyn dies soon afterwards. King Theoden brings their children Eomer and Eowyn to live with him at Meduseld. After journeying to Dale and the Lonely Mountain, Bilbo settles in Rivendell as a guest of Elrond. Death of Lalia Took in the Shire.

Bilbo begins work on his Translations from the Elvish.

Gandalf visits Frodo in the Shire several times over the next four years. Death of Gerda Boffin Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Odo Proudfoot in the Shire.

Death of Dora Baggins in the Shire.

Death of King Bain of Dale. Brand becomes King of Dale. Death of Saradas Brandybuck in the Shire.

Spring: Death of Aragorn's mother Gilraen.

Gandalf visits Frodo for the last time for many years. Death of Rorimac Brandybuck in the Shire. Merry's father Saradoc Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland.

Aragorn and Gandalf renew the hunt for Gollum. Over the next eight years they explore Wilderland and the Mountains of Shadow. Arwen returns to Rivendell at Elrond's request. Death of Dudo Baggins in the Shire. Bergil son of Beregond born around this time.

Death of Imrahil's father Adrahil. Imrahil becomes the twenty-second Prince of Dol Amroth. Death of Dinodas Brandybuck in the Shire. Death of Bruno Bracegirdle in the Shire.

Elfhelm is given command of the garrison of Edoras in Rohan. Death of Otho Sackville-Baggins in the Shire. Death of Asphodel Brandybuck Burrows in the Shire. Robin Smallburrow becomes a Shirriff in the Shire around this time.

King Theoden of Rohan begins to fall under the influence of Saruman through his agent Grima Wormtongue. Eowyn assumes the duty of caring for Theoden.

Death of Thain Ferumbras III in the Shire. Pippin's father Paladin II becomes thirty-first Thain.

Gandalf visits Minas Tirith and reads the scroll of Isildur which describes the One Ring. Eomer becomes Third Marshal of the Mark. A messenger from Mordor comes to the Lonely Mountain seeking news of Bilbo and the Ring. Gollum is captured by Sauron. He is tortured and questioned about the
Ring and then is allowed to escape. Birth of Prince Imrahil's grandson Alphros, son of Elphir, in Dol Amroth.

The Great Years:


February 1, 3018:
Aragorn captures Gollum in the Dead Marshes.

March 21, 3018:
Aragorn delivers Gollum to King Thranduil of Mirkwood to be held captive.

March 23, 3018:
Gandalf arrives in Mirkwood and begins to question Gollum.

March 29, 3018:
Gandalf leaves Mirkwood and sets out for the Shire.

Spring of 3018:
Merry enlists the help of Pippin and Sam to figure out why Frodo is troubled.

April 12, 3018:
Gandalf arrives at Bag End.

April 13, 3018:
Gandalf determines that Bilbo's Ring is the One Ring from its inscription and tells Frodo its history. Frodo volunteers to leave the Shire with the Ring. Sam Gamgee overhears them and Gandalf decides Sam should accompany Frodo.

Late April of 3018:
Sauron receives word that Gollum was captured by Aragorn and is being held by Thranduil of Mirkwood.

May 1, 3018:
Aragorn meets Gandalf at Sarn Ford on the border of the Shire and learns of Frodo's plan to leave the Shire in September.

Summer of 3018:
Merry helps Frodo buy a house at Crickhollow.

June 19, 3018:
Faramir dreams of Isildur's Bane.

June 20, 3018:
The War of the Ring begins. The Lord of the Nazgul leads an attack on Osgiliath. Boromir and Faramir hold the western side of the Anduin. Orcs - possibly led by Khamul - attack the Elves of Mirkwood and Gollum escapes captivity.

Mid-year's Day of 3018:
Gandalf meets Radagast near Bree and learns that the Nine Nazgul are abroad. Gandalf spends the night at the Prancing Pony in Bree. He leaves a message for Frodo with Barliman Butterbur.

2 Lithe of 3018:
Gandalf sets out for Isengard to consult with Saruman.

July 1, 3018:
The Nazgul of Minas Morgul led by the Lord of the Nazgul cross the Anduin in secret to hunt for the One Ring.

July 4, 3018:
Boromir sets out for Rivendell.

July 10, 3018:
Gandalf is imprisoned by Saruman in Isengard.

July 17, 3018:
The Nazgul receive clothing and horses at Sarn Gebir.

July 22, 3018:
The Lord of the Nazgul meets Khamul in the Field of Celebrant. He learns that no place called "the Shire" has been found in the Vales of the Anduin. The Lord of the Nazgul decides to continue searching along the Anduin but they find nothing.

August of 3018:
Gollum enters Moria through the East-gate. The Elves lose his trail. Legolas is sent to Rivendell with news of his escape some time after.

September of 3018:
The Nine Nazgul return to the Wold of Rohan and receive word from Sauron to proceed to Isengard.

September 18, 3018:
Gandalf is rescued from the pinnacle of Orthanc by Gwaihir in the early hours and is set down in the foothills of the White Mountains west of Edoras at dawn. The Nazgul cross the Fords of Isen.

September 19, 3018:
Gandalf arrives at Edoras and is refused admittance.

September 20, 3018:
Gandalf warns King Theoden of the threat from Saruman. Theoden tells him to take a horse and leave. After his visit, Rohan begins to be troubled by Orcs and Men in the service of Saruman and Theoden's commanders begin to defy Grima's orders. Two carts leave Bag End for Frodo's new home at Crickhollow.

September 21, 3018:
Gandalf sees Shadowfax but the horse does not allow him to approach.

September 22, 3018:
Frodo turns 50. Gandalf follows Shadowfax and overtakes him. After nightfall, the Nazgul drive away the Rangers guarding Sarn Ford on the border of the Shire. Aragorn is on the East Road near Bree at this time.

September 23, 3018:
Four Nazgul including the Lord of the Nazgul pursue the Rangers eastward. The Lord of the Nazgul goes to the Barrow-downs to rouse the Barrow-wights. The other five Nazgul including Khamul enter the Shire before dawn. In the morning, Merry goes ahead to Crickhollow to prepare for Frodo's arrival. Gandalf succeeds in taming Shadowfax and sets out from Rohan at 6:00 p.m. In the evening, Khamul comes to Hobbiton and speaks to Gaffer Gamgee and is overheard by Frodo. Frodo leaves Bag End accompanied by Sam and Pippin.

September 24, 3018:
Gandalf crosses the Isen at 7:00 a.m. He reaches Dol Baran at 9:00 a.m. and makes camp. Frodo, Sam, and Pippin break camp at 10:00 a.m. Frodo is nearly caught by Khamul in the afternoon and again in the evening. Khamul withdraws at the approach of Elves including Gildor. The Hobbits camp with the Elves. Gandalf sets out again at 5:00 p.m. Lobelia and Lotho Sackville-Baggins move into Bag End.

September 25, 3018:
Gandalf rides through Enedwaith and stops after about 145 miles at 9:00 a.m. He sets out again at 5:00 p.m. Khamul visits Farmer Maggot shortly before sundown. Frodo, Sam and Pippin arrive at Farmer Maggot's soon afterwards. Merrymeets the three Hobbits at the Bucklebury Ferry in the evening. They cross the river and Khamul is unable to follow. Frodo learns of his friends' intention to accompany him.

September 26, 3018:
Gandalf continues through Enedwaith in the early hours. In the early morning, Khamul sends one Nazgul to guard the Brandywine Bridge and sends two others east along the East Road. These two go to Bree and ask about Baggins at the Prancing Pony. Khamul and his companion enter Buckland. Frodo and his companions set out just after 6:00 a.m. and enter the Old Forest.  Gandalf stops to camp from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. In the late afternoon, Merry and Pippin are trapped by Old Man Willow and are rescued by Tom Bombadil.

September 27, 3018:
Gandalf crosses the Greyflood at 1:00 a.m. and camps from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The Hobbits remain in Tom Bombadil's house. In the evening, Tom Bombadil puts on the Ring but does not turn invisible. The Lord of the Nazgul leaves the Barrow-downs late in the day. He meets the two Nazgul from Bree and hears their report on the Ring-bearer. He sends three Nazgul across country to Weathertop and back while he and two others patrol the Greenway.

September 28, 3018:
Gandalf reaches Sarn Ford on the border of the Shire around 2:00 a.m. The Hobbits leave the House of Tom Bombadil in the early morning and set out across the Barrow-downs. They fall asleep at mid-day and awake near sunset. The Hobbits are trapped by a Barrow-wight. Frodo resists putting on the Ring. Khamul finds Crickhollow at night and sends his companion to fetch the Nazgul guarding the Brandywine Bridge.

September 29, 3018:
The Hobbits are rescued from the Barrow-wight by Tom Bombadil in the morning. Merry acquires his sword of Westernesse. The three Nazgul who had been sent to Weathertop return and come to Bree at dusk. The Hobbits arrive at the Prancing Pony in Bree in the evening. The Ring slips on Frodo's finger and he vanishes, witnessed by Bill Ferny and the squint-eyed Southerner who report to the Nazgul. Aragorn meets Frodo and offers him his protection. One Nazgul is sent to report to the Lord of the Nazgul but is waylaid by Rangers. The other two encounter Merry who is overcome by Black Breath. Khamul and two Nazgul assemble at Crickhollow and keep watch through the night. Gandalf visits the Gaffer and learns that Frodo left Bag End on September 23.

September 30, 3018:
The Nazgul launch simultaneous attacks on the Prancing Pony and Crickhollow before dawn. The Horn-call of Buckland is sounded. Merry's ponies are lost. The Hobbits acquire Bill the Pony. Aragorn leads the Hobbits out of Bree around 10:00 a.m. and they enter the Chetwood. Gandalf finds the house at Crickhollow ransacked. The Nine Nazgul assemble at Andrath. Four Nazgul go east to Weathertop and four plus the Lord of the Nazgul go south. Gandalf arrives in Bree at night.

October 1, 3018:
The Lord of the Nazgul and four others storm through Bree after midnight. Gandalf pursues them. Aragorn and the Hobbits continue through the Chetwood.

October 2, 3018:
The four Nazgul who were sent ahead gather at Weathertop. Three continue eastward and one stays at Weathertop. Aragorn leads the Hobbits into the Midgewater Marshes.

October 3, 3018:
Aragorn and the Hobbits continue through the Midgewater Marshes. Gandalf battles the Nazgul at Weathertop on the night of October 3-4. Aragorn and Frodo see the lights of the battle from their campsite.

October 4, 3018:
Gandalf escapes Weathertop at dawn. Four of the Nazgul pursue him. Aragorn and the Hobbits emerge from the Midgewater Marshes.

October 5, 3018:
Aragorn and the Hobbits reach the foot of the Weather Hills by nightfall.

October 6, 3018:
Aragorn and the Hobbits travel south through the Weather Hills and reach Weathertop at mid-day. Five Nazgul attack their camp at night. Frodo puts on the Ring. The Lord of the Nazgul stabs Frodo and the tip of his Morgul-knife is lodged in Frodo's shoulder. Frodo invokes the name of Elbereth and Aragorn threatens the Nazgul with flaming brands. The Nazgul withdraw from Weathertop.

October 7, 3018:
Aragorn and the Hobbits leave Weathertop in the morning and continue eastward toward Rivendell. The Lord of the Nazgul resumes pursuit.

October 8, 3018:
Elrond receives word that Frodo is heading for Rivendell pursued by the Nazgul.

October 9, 3018:
Glorfindel leaves Rivendell seeking Frodo.

October 11, 3018:
Glorfindel drives three Nazgul including Khamul from the Last Bridge and leaves a green stone indicating it is safe to cross. He later encounters the Lord of the Nazgul and one other Nazgul.

October 13, 3018:
Aragorn finds the green stone left by Glorfindel on the Last Bridge and leads the Hobbits across early in the morning. They enter the Trollshaws.

October 14, 3018:
The Lord of the Nazgul and four other Nazgul reassemble and resume their pursuit.

October 16, 3018:
Glorfindel picks up the trail of Aragorn and the Hobbits.

October 18, 3018:
Gandalf arrives at Rivendell. Aragorn and the Hobbits find the Stone-trolls from Bilbo's adventure in the Trollshaws in the afternoon. They meet Glorfindelon the Great East Road in the evening.

October 19, 3018:
Glorfindel and Aragorn lead the Hobbits eastward along the Great East Road. The five Nazgul sense the Ring nearby.

October 20, 3018:
In the late afternoon, the five Nazgul pursue Frodo to the Ford of Bruinen and are joined by the other four. All Nine are swept away by a flood created by Elrond and Gandalf. Eight of their horses are killed. The Lord of the Nazgul rides the ninth back toward Mordor. Frodo is brought wounded to Rivendell and is treated by Elrond.

October 23, 3018:
Elrond finds a sliver of the Morgul-knife in Frodo's shoulder and removes it.

October 24, 3018:
Frodo awakes at 10:00 a.m. In the evening, a feast is held at Rivendell in honor of Frodo. Afterwards, Frodo is reunited with Bilbo. Bilbo asks to see the Ring again. Boromir arrives at Rivendell on the night of October 24-25.

October 25, 3018:
The Council of Elrond decide that the One Ring must be destroyed in the fires of Mount Doom in Mordor. Frodo volunteers to take it.

Early December of 3018:
The Lord of the Nazgul arrives in Mordor. Help is sent to the other eight Nazgul. Elladan and Elrohir return to Rivendell after journeying to Lothlorien with news of the decision made at the Council of Elrond to destroy the One Ring.

December 18, 3018:
A Fellowship is chosen to accompany Frodo, including Aragorn, Boromir, Gandalf, Gimli, Legolas, Sam Gamgee, Merry Brandybuck, and Pippin Took.

December 25, 3018:
Bilbo gives Sting and his mithril shirt to Frodo. The Fellowship set out from Rivendell.


Early in the New Year of 3019:
In the Shire, Lotho Sackville-Baggins declares himself Chief Shirriff shortly after the New Year. Rules and restrictions are imposed on the Hobbits and enforced by the Chief's Men.

In Bree, there is fighting between the Bree-landers and Men from the South. Mat Heathertoes, Rowlie Appledore, Tom Pickthorn, Willie Banks, and an Underhill from Staddle are killed. Harry Goatleaf and Bill Ferny side with the ruffians. The ruffians are expelled from Bree. Some go to the Shire, including Bill Ferny who becomes the Chief's Big Man.

January 8, 3019:
The Fellowship, travelling by night, reach Eregion at dawn. A flock of crebain flies over their camp in the early morning. The birds may have brought news of the Ring-bearer's journey back to Saruman.

January 9, 3019:
Before dawn, a shadow passes over the Fellowship. Some have speculated that it was one of the Nazgul mounted on a Fell Beast.

January 11, 3019:
The Fellowship begin to climb Caradhras in the late afternoon.

January 12, 3019:
After midnight, snow begins to fall and turns into a blizzard. The Fellowship are forced to stop climbing the Pass of Caradhras. Around dawn, they turn back and return to Eregion by late morning.

January 13, 3019:
The Fellowship's camp is attacked by Wargs in the early hours. They reach the Doors of Durin by nightfall. The Watcher in the Water attacks Frodo. Bill the Pony runs away. The Fellowship enter Moria. Gollum begins to follow them. They spend the night in the guardroom where Pippin drops a stone down the well.

January 14, 3019:
The Fellowship spend the night in Hall Twenty-one.

January 15, 3019:
The Fellowship discover Balin's Tomb. They are attacked by Orcs in the Chamber of Mazarbul. Frodo is speared by an Orc-chieftain but is saved by his mithril shirt. In a battle of wills between Gandalf and the Balrog on the other side of the door, the Chamber of Mazarbul collapses and Balin's Tomb is buried in rubble.

Gandalf faces the Balrog on the Bridge of Khazad-dum and both fall into the abyss. The rest of the Fellowship leave Moria by the Dimrill Gate around 1:00 p.m. Gimli looks into Mirrormere.

The Fellowship reach Lothlorien late at night. They meet Haldir and spend the night on flets. Orcs from Moria pursue the Fellowship but are slain or driven off by the Elves of Lothlorien. Messengers from Moria head to Isengard and Mordor with news of the Fellowship. Gollum follows the Fellowship into Lothlorien and approaches Frodo but is scared away by Haldir.

January 16, 3019:
Haldir leads the Fellowship across the Silverlode. Gimli balks at being blindfolded until his companions agree to be blindfolded as well. Gandalf pursues the Balrog through the deeps below Moria.

January 17, 3019:
At noon, Haldir receives word from Galadriel to remove the Fellowship's blindfolds. They visit Cerin Amroth. In the evening, the Fellowship arrive in Caras Galadhon and are greeted by Galadriel and Celeborn. Gollum lurks near Lothlorien, heading towards its southern borders.

January 18, 3019:
Messengers from Moria arrive at Isengard and report that the Fellowship are heading south. Saruman sends out scouts led by Ugluk. Messengers also reach Mordor and Grishnakh is dispatched.

January 22, 3019:
Ugluk reaches Moria and he gathers Moria Orcs. They set up watch around Lothlorien.

January 23, 3019:
Gandalf and the Balrog climb the Endless Stair to the peak of the Silvertine. The Battle of the Peak begins.

January 24, 3019:
Ugluk captures Gollum, who reveals that Hobbits of the Shire were with Gandalf. Gollum escapes. Ugluk sends news to Isengard. The Battle of the Peak continues.

January 25, 3019:
Gandalf casts down the Balrog. Gandalf the Grey dies and his body lies on the peak.

January 26, 3019:
Grishnakh intercepts Ugluk's messengers and then reports to one of the Nazgul near Sarn Gebir.

January 30, 3019:
Saruman receives a report from Ugluk and sends reinforcements with orders to capture the Hobbits alive.

February 2, 3019:
Grishnakh receives reinforcements from Mordor and is ordered to cooperate with Ugluk.

February 6, 3019:
Ugluk searches northern Rohan.

February 10, 3019:
Ugluk and Grishnakh meet north of Sarn Gebir. Grishnakh sets up watch on the east side of the Anduin. Ugluk's troops are driven into the western Emyn Muil by the Rohirrim.

February 14, 3019:
Gandalf the White returns to life and lies on the peak in a trance. Frodo looks into the Mirror of Galadriel in the evening. Frodo offers Galadriel the One Ring and she rejects it. (Note: In the 2005 edition of The Lord of the Rings, the date of the Mirror of Galadriel was changed to February 15 because it appears in the text that the Fellowship departed Lothlorien the next day, which is February 16.)

February 16, 3019:
The Fellowship leave Lothlorien. They receive boats from Celeborn and gifts from Galadriel. Aragorn receives the Elessar. They set out at noon down the Anduin. Gollum observes their departure and follows them.

February 17, 3019:
Gwaihir brings Gandalf the White from the peak of the Silvertine to Lothlorien. The Fellowship continue downriver.

February 18, 3019:
The Fellowship come to the Brown Lands. Gollum follows the Fellowship downriver on a log.

February 19, 3019:
Sam spots Gollum's log.

February 20, 3019:
Gollum approaches the Fellowship's camp in the early hours but is scared off by Frodo. Gandalf leaves Lothlorien and is flown south by Gwaihir.

February 22, 3019:
Grishnakh learns of the Fellowship's approach downriver and a Nazgul is summoned.

February 23, 3019:
At sunset, Aragorn and Legolas see an Eagle. At night, the Fellowship's boats approach Sarn Gebir. They are attacked by Orcs led by Grishnakh. Legolas shoots a Fell Beast ridden by one of the Nazgul. Gollum heads for the Emyn Muil on the east bank.

Shadowfax returns alone to Rohan but will permit no one to ride him.

February 24, 3019:
Boromir urges the Company to go to Gondor but they follow Aragorn's advice and continue down the Anduin. They carry the boats past Sarn Gebir by a portage-way on the west bank.

February 25, 3019:
The Fellowship pass the Argonath and come to Nen Hithoel at 1:30 p.m. They make camp at Parth Galen in the evening.

The First Battle of the Fords of Isen is fought in the afternoon between the Rohirrim and Saruman's forces. Theodred is mortally wounded and dies at nightfall. Elfhelm arrives too late with troops from Edoras.

Ugluk and Grishnakh join up in the western Emyn Muil.

Gandalf comes to Fangorn and sends Gwaihir to gather news.

February 26, 3019:
The Breaking of the Fellowship. In the morning, Boromir tries to take the Ring from Frodo, who puts on the Ring and flees to the Seat of Seeing. From a hill in Fangorn, Gandalf strives in thought with Sauron to prevent him from finding Frodo.

Frodo sets out for Mordor with Sam. They cross the Anduin and enter the eastern Emyn Muil. Gollum picks up their trail and follows them.

Around noon, Merry and Pippin are captured by Saruman's Uruk-hai. Boromir dies defending them. Faramir and Denethor hear Boromir's horn in the distance.

Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli put Boromir's body in a funeral boat on the Anduin. They set out after the captors of Merry and Pippin around 4:00 p.m.

At sundown in the western Emyn Muil, Ugluk and Grishnakh argue about what to do with the Hobbits. Grishnakh leaves while Ugluk takes the Hobbits westward into Rohan. Pippin drops his brooch during the night of February 26-27.

Eomer learns that Orcs have entered Rohan from the East Wall and he suspects an alliance between Mordor and Isengard. Grima convinces Theoden to refuse permission to follow them.

Erkenbrand dispatches a messenger to Edoras with news of Theodred's death and a request for reinforcements. Erkenbrand begins to gather the scattered forces of the Westfold. He leaves Grimbold in command of the defenses at the Fords of Isen, while Elfhelm commands of the troops from Edoras.

February 27, 3019:
At dawn, Legolas sees Gwaihir. Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli descend from the East Wall onto the plains of Rohan. Aragorn finds Pippin's brooch. They set out in pursuit of the Uruk-hai.

At 8:00 a.m., the Uruk-hai have marched 36 miles across the plains of Rohan.

Around noon, news of Theodred's death reaches Edoras along with the request from Erkenbrand for reinforcements, but Grima advises against it and Theoden follows his advice.

Frodo and Sam continue wandering along the southeastern edge of the Emyn Muil. They become aware that Gollum is following them.

Gandalf sees Treebeard in Fangorn but does not speak to him.

At nightfall, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli stop to rest.

By 9:00 p.m. the Uruk-hai have travelled 85 miles to the south edge of the downs where they stop to rest.

A Nazgul meets with Grishnakh late in the evening and orders him to pursue Ugluk and Merry and Pippin.

At midnight of February 27-28, Eomer defies orders and leads his eored in pursuit of the Uruk-hai that entered Rohan from the Emyn Muil.

February 28, 3019:
At dawn Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli set out after the Uruk-hai.

Ugluk's troops stop for a brief rest around 4:30 a.m. five miles past the north end of the downs. They continue from 5:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Scouts of the Rohirrim spot the Uruk-hai around 10:00 a.m. The Uruk-hai rest until 10:30 a.m. They then see the Rohirrim and Grishnakh pursuing them. Grishnakh rejoins the Uruk-hai around 11:20 a.m and they all continue without rest.

At sunset, Eomer and his eored overtake the Uruk-hai and Orcs near Fangorn and surround them.

At dusk, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli stop to rest.

In the evening, Frodo and Sam come to the top of a high cliff at the edge of the Emyn Muil.

The first of the two pieces of Boromir's broken horn is found in the Anduin by the Men of Gondor.

February 29, 3019:
In the night of February 28-29, Grishnakh tries to take the Ring but is killed by a Rider. Mauhur brings reinforcements from Isengard but they are killed or driven off by the Rohirrim. Merry and Pippin escape into Fangorn.

At sunrise around 7:00 a.m., Eomer's eored attack and defeat the Uruk-hai and Orcs. Eomer kills Ugluk. Death of Garulf. The Rohirrim spend about 3 hours rounding up fugitives.

At dawn, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli set out.

In the early morning, Merry and Pippin meet Treebeard.

Around 10:00 a.m., Eomer and his eored start burning the Orc carcasses and burying their own dead.

Around 11:00 a.m., Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli come to the southern edge of the downs where the Uruk-hai rested at 9:00 p.m. on February 27.

At dusk, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli reach the northern end of the downs and stop.

At dusk, Treebeard brings Merry and Pippin to Wellinghall.

At dusk, Frodo and Sam hear the cry of a Nazgul overhead in the Emyn Muil. Frodo gets stuck on a ledge. The Hobbits use the Elven-rope to descend from the outer ridge of the Emyn Muil. They catch Gollum following them around 10:00 p.m. Frodo spares Gollum's life. Gollum swears to serve the Master of the Precious. Gollum leads the Hobbits southeastward through a gully at the foot of the Emyn Muil.

Faramir sees Boromir's funeral boat at midnight on February 29-30.

February 30, 3019:
In the early hours, Gollum continues to lead Frodo and Sam through the gully. They stop at dawn and rest during the day.

At sunrise around 7:00 a.m., Eomer and his Riders leave Fangorn.

At about 10:00 a.m., Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli meet Eomer.

Before noon, the Entmoot begins. Merry and Pippin meet Quickbeam.

By late afternoon, Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli reach the edge of Fangorn. They camp there that night and spot Saruman. Saruman finds the burned corpses of his Uruk-hai but does not know what happened to the Hobbits.

On his return to Edoras, Eomer is arrested.

Merry and Pippin and spend the night at Quickbeam's house.

At night, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum continue onwards.

The second of the two pieces of Boromir's broken horn is found in the Anduin by the Men of Gondor.

March 1, 3019:
At dawn, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum come to the northern edge of the Dead Marshes and start across. They continue through the day.

In the morning, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli meet Gandalf the White in Fangorn. They set out for Meduseld.

Faramir and his men set out for Ithilien to ambush the Haradrim marching to Mordor.

Entmoot continues. Merry and Pippin remain at Quickbeam's house.

Around 8:00 p.m., Frodo, Sam, and Gollum see the corpse-candles and faces in the Dead Marshes.

At midnight of March 1-2, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum see a Nazgul from Mordor fly over the Dead Marshes and then return to Mordor.

March 2, 3019:
At dawn, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum emerge from the Dead Marshes and rest during the day.

At dawn, Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli come in sight of Meduseld and arrive there in the early morning. Grima's treachery is exposed. In the late morning, King Theoden decides to ride to war against Saruman. Eomer is released and Theoden names him as his heir. Eowyn is charged with leading the people to Dunharrow.

Before noon, the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen begins. The vanguard of Saruman's forces attack the western side of the Fords of Isen.

In the afternoon, the Entmoot ends. The Ents march on Isengard with Merry and Pippin.

Around 1:00 p.m., Grima flees toward Isengard.

Around 2:00 p.m., Theoden and his army set forth from Edoras accompanied by Eomer, Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli. They ride for five hours and camp for the night about 50 miles west of Edoras.

At sunset during the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen, Grimbold retreats to the east side of the Fords.

After nightfall, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum start across the Noman-lands.

After nightfall, the Ents enter the Wizard's Vale.

Around midnight of March 2-3, Saruman unleashes his entire army of 10,000 Orcs and Men from Isengard. Merry and Pippin and the Ents see them leave. The defenders at the Fords of Isen are overwhelmed. Saruman's forces proceed towards Helm's Deep.

March 3, 3019:
After midnight, the Ents attack and break the walls of the Ring of Isengard. Death of Beechbone. Huorns begin following Saruman's army. Saruman is imprisoned in Orthanc. The Ents begin damming the Isen. They continue the destruction of Isengard throughout the day.

In the early hours until dawn, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum continue through the Noman-lands. They rest during the day.

An hour after dawn, Theoden's forces break camp and continue westward. Gandalf and Legolas see the shadow of the Huorns descending from the Wizard's Vale.

At sunset, the errand-rider Ceorl brings Theoden news of the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen and the onslaught of Saruman's army. Gandalf advises Theoden to head for Helm's Deep. Gandalf sets out for Isengard.

After nightfall, Gandalf arrives at Isengard. He sees Merry and Pippin and meets briefly with Treebeard. Treebeard sends more Huorns to Helm's Deep. Gandalf gathers the Rohirrim who scattered after the Second Battle of the Fords of Isen. He arranges for the burial of the dead and sends Elfhelm with troops to defend Edoras. Gandalf and Grimbold join Erkenbrand and a force of 1,000 Men of the Westfold.

At night, Theoden's forces arrive at Helm's Deep and are besieged by Saruman's army. The Battle of Helm's Deep begins.

At night, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum set out again through the Noman-lands.

At midnight of March 3-4, the Ents flood the grounds of Isengard with the waters of the River Isen.

March 4, 3019:
The Battle of Helm's Deep continues. After midnight, Saruman's forces launch an assault on the walls. Later in the night, Orcs creep through the culvert in the Deeping-wall but are stopped by Gimli, Gamling, and the Men of the Westfold. Shortly before dawn, the Deeping-wall is breached by an explosive device. The Rohirrim retreat into the Glittering Caves and the Hornburg. Hama is killed before the gates of the Hornburg.

At dawn, King Theoden and Aragorn lead a charge from the Hornburg. Gandalf and Erkenbrand arrive at Helm's Deep with 1,000 Men. The Huorns of Fangorn fill the Deeping-coomb behind Saruman's army. Saruman's forces are defeated.

In the morning, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum reach the edge of the Desolation of the Morannon. They rest in a pit during day.

Around 3:30 p.m., Theoden sets out for Isengard with Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli, Eomer, and twenty Riders. They reach the Fords of Isen after sunset and turn north toward Isengard.

At dusk, Sam overhears Gollum and Smeagol debating over what action to take. Gollum begins to form a plan to lead the Hobbits to Shelob. Frodo, Sam, and Gollum set out across the Desolation of the Morannon. They sense a Nazgul passing overhead.

At midnight of March 4-5, Theoden's company camp by the Isen.

March 5, 3019:
About an hour after midnight, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum sense a Nazgul passing overhead again.

In the middle of the night, the Huorns bury the dead Orcs in the Deeping-coomb. The Huorns return to Fangorn by way of Isengard and pass Theoden's camp in the night.

Before dawn, Frodo and Sam come in sight of the Black Gate and realize it's impassable. Gollum offers to show them another way into Mordor.

In the early morning, Grima arrives at Isengard and the Ents imprison him in Orthanc with Saruman.

At dawn, Theoden's company set out and they arrive at Isengard at noon. Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli are reunited with Merry and Pippin. Parley with Saruman. Gandalf casts Saruman out of the Order of Wizards and breaks his staff. Grima throws the palantir from Orthanc. Saruman is left imprisoned in Orthanc under Treebeard's guard.

As the parley at Isengard is occurring, Frodo spends time considering his options. Sam sees four Nazgul circling. An army of Haradrim enter the Black Gate. Frodo agrees to follow Gollum. They rest for the remainder of the day and set out at dusk. They reach the outskirts of Ithilien in the night of March 5-6.

At sunset, Theoden's company leave Isengard. They camp at Dol Baran around 10:00 p.m. Pippin looks into the palantir and is confronted by Sauron who mistakes him for the Ring-bearer. A Nazgul flies over Dol Baran around 11:00 p.m. and then on to Isengard and then back to Barad-dur. Aragorn takes possession of the palantir. Gandalf sets out with Pippin on Shadowfax at 11:30 p.m. Theoden and the others depart soon afterwards.

March 6, 3019:
Sometime after midnight, 30 Rangers of the North led by Halbarad along with Elladan and Elrohir catch up to Theoden's company at the Fords of Isen. They all continue eastward and reach Helm's Deep before dawn.

At dawn, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum stop to rest after travelling about 24 miles from the Black Gate.

At dawn, Gandalf and Pippin arrive at Edoras. A Winged Nazgul comes to Edoras in the morning. Gandalf advises the Rohirrim to muster at Dunharrow. Gandalf helps with the ordering of the Rohirrim's forces during the day.

In the morning, Aragorn reveals himself to Sauron in the palantir. Sauron begins to doubt and prepares to strike Gondor. Aragorn learns via the palantir that a fleet of Corsairs is preparing to attack Gondor from the south and decides to take the Paths of the Dead.

Around noon, Merry swears fealty to King Theoden. Around 1:00 p.m., Theoden sets out for Dunharrow by the mountain paths accompanied by Eomer and Merry.

Around 4:00 p.m., Aragorn sets out on a more direct route to Dunharrow accompanied by Legolas, Gimli, Halbarad, Elladan, Elrohir, and the Grey Company.

After nightfall, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum follow the Harad Road into Ithilien.

In the evening, Gandalf sets out again with Pippin and they ride through the night of March 6-7.

March 7, 3019:
Gandalf and Pippin ride eastward through the Eastfold of Rohan from midnight to around dawn. They rest during the day.

Frodo, Sam, and Gollum continue down the Harad Road. At dawn, they stop to rest. Sam makes stewed rabbit around 8:30 a.m. The smoke from the campfire is spotted by the Rangers of Ithilien. Frodo and Sam meet Faramir.

At noon, Faramir and the Rangers of Ithilien ambush a company of Haradrim heading for Mordor.

In the afternoon, the Grey Company arrive at Edoras.

In the late afternoon, Faramir takes Frodo and Sam to Hennuth Annun, arriving at sunset. Gollum evades capture by the Rangers and follows them.

At nightfall, the Grey Company arrives at Dunharrow. Eowyn tries to dissuade Aragorn from taking the Paths of the Dead and asks to accompany him, but he refuses. The Grey Company spend the night at Dunharrow.

In the evening, Gandalf and Pippin set out again.

In the evening, Faramir learns that Frodo carries the One Ring but he does not try to take it.

In the evening, news reaches Minas Tirith that the Corsairs' fleet is approaching the Mouths of the Anduin. Denethor orders the lighting of the Beacons in the night of March 7-8.

Sauron prepares to unleash darkness from Mordor and he instructs the Lord of the Nazgul to prepare a force to strike Gondor.

March 8, 3019:
During the night of March 7-8, Gandalf and Pippin enter Anorien. Pippin sees the moonrise and the lighting of the Beacons of Gondor. Errand-riders of Gondor including Hirgon pass Gandalf and Pippin on the way to Rohan.

At moonset around 5:00 a.m., Gollum fishes in the Forbidden Pool. He is captured by Faramir's men and believes Frodo betrayed him. Frodo asks Faramir to spare Gollum's life.

Near daybreak, Gandalf and Pippin stop to rest.

At daybreak, Aragorn and the Grey Company enter the Paths of the Dead.

In the morning, Frodo and Sam part with Faramir and leave Henneth Annun guided by Gollum. They travel by day and stop to rest at nightfall.

Two hours before sunset, Aragorn and the Grey Company emerge from the Paths of the Dead.

In the evening, Gandalf and Pippin set out again.

At midnight of March 8-9 at the Stone of Erech, Aragorn summons the Dead to fight the Corsairs.

March 9, 3019:
At dawn, Aragorn and the Grey Company leave Erech with the Dead.

At dawn, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum set out and continue southward through Ithilien.

Shortly after 6:00 a.m., Gandalf and Pippin arrive at the Rammas Echor and continue to Minas Tirith. Pippin meets Denethor and swears fealty to him. Pippin meets Beregond at 9:00 a.m. They sense a Nazgul flying over Minas Tirith in the late morning and have nuncheon at noon. In the afternoon, Pippin meets Beregond's son Bergil at the Old Guesthouse.

By sunset, the armies of the fiefdoms of Gondor reach Minas Tirith including Forlong of Lossarnach, Dervorin of the Ringlo Vale, Duinhir with his sons Duilin and Derufin of the Blackroot Vale, Golasgil of Anfalas, Hirluin of the Green Hills, and Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth.

Around sunset, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum reach the Morgul-road and stop to rest.

At sunset, Aragorn and the Grey Company and the Dead cross the Ciril and come to Calembel and find it deserted.

At nightfall, Theoden, Eomer, and Merry arrive at Dunharrow. Denethor's messenger Hirgon arrives at Dunharrow with the Red Arrow seeking Rohan's aid.

In the evening, Faramir arrives at Cair Andros.

Darkness begins to flow out of Mordor.

March 10, 3019:
The Dawnless Day.

After midnight, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum set out heading eastward toward the Cross-roads. They stop to rest during the day.

Muster of the Rohirrim in the early morning. Eowyn outfits Merry for battle and disguises herself as a soldier named Dernhelm. The Rohirrim leave Dunharrow and arrive at Edoras at noon and set out for Gondor after noon.

Aragorn and the Grey Company and the Dead cross the Ringlo.

Faramir leaves Cair Andros for Minas Tirith. An army of Easterlings and Orcs capture Cair Andros after Faramir's departure and enter Anorien. They block the Great West Road to try to prevent the Rohirrim from coming to Minas Tirith.

At sunset, Faramir comes to Minas Tirith pursued by five Winged Nazgul. Gandalf rides out to drive the Nazgul away. Faramir meets Pippin and reports to Denethor on his encounter with Frodo.

At sunset, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum reach the Cross-roads and continue to the Morgul Vale. After nightfall, Sauron signals the Lord of the Nazgul to ride to war against Gondor. Frodo sees the Lord of the Nazgul leading the Morgul-host from Minas Morgul and resists putting on the Ring. Frodo, Sam, and Gollum begin to climb the Stairs of Cirith Ungol. The Silent Watchers of Minas Morgul become uneasy.

At night, the Rohirrim camp about 36 miles from Edoras.

March 11, 3019:
In the morning, Denethor sends Faramir to Osgiliath to hold the river crossing. The cries of the Nazgul are heard over Minas Tirith but they are not seen.

The Men of Lamedon led by Angbor fight the Men of Umbar and Harad at the River Gilrain. Men on both sides except Angbor flee at the approach of the Dead. Aragorn instructs Angbor to bring his forces to Pelargir. Aragorn and the Grey Company cross the Gilrain and then rest.

The Rohirrim continue through the Eastfold and Fenmarch and stop to camp 110 miles east of Edoras.

Frodo, Sam, and Gollum reach the top of the Stairs of Cirith Ungol. While Frodo and Sam rest, Gollum visits Shelob.

Lothlorien is attacked by forces from Dol Guldur. The enemy forces are repelled and some enter the Wold of Rohan from the north.

After nightfall a messenger from Osgiliath comes to Minas Tirith to report that the Lord of the Nazgul is leading the Morgul-host and an army of Haradrim toward Osgiliath.

Gorbag is sent from Minas Morgul to investigate the possibility of intruders on the Stairs around this time.

March 12, 3019:
In the early hours before dawn, Aragorn and the Grey Company and the Dead travel through Lebennin, driving the enemy towards Pelargir.

Gollum returns to find Frodo sleeping and nearly repents but changes his mind when Sam accuses him of sneaking. He leads Frodo and Sam into Shelob's Lair in the afternoon.

The army led by the Lord of the Nazgul captures the crossing at Osgiliath. Faramir is forced to retreat to the Causeway Forts.

The Rohirrim continue into Anorien and camp at Min-Rimmon.

Orcs in the Wold are defeated by Treebeard and the Ents, preventing the Orcs from attacking Edoras and from attacking the Rohirrim on their way to Gondor.

Easterlings from the invasion force in Anorien pass the Pelennor Fields and move westward in an attempt to waylay the Rohirrim.

The errand-rider Hirgon who brought the Red Arrow to Rohan returns to Minas Tirith and finds enemy forces at the Rammas Echor. Hirgon and his companion are killed.

Aragorn and the Grey Company and the Dead continue toward Pelargir through the night of March 12-13.

March 13, 3019:
Around daybreak, the Rammas Echor is breached. The defenders of Osgiliath retreat across the Pelennor Fields with Faramir holding the rearguard.

In the morning, Frodo and Sam come to the east exit of Shelob's Lair. Frodo is wounded by Shelob. Gollum attacks Sam and then flees. Sam gravely wounds and possibly kills Shelob. Sam takes the Ring thinking Frodo is dead.

Shagrat receives word that the Nazgul fear intruders on the Stairs of Cirith Ungol and is ordered to investigate. He meets Gorbag and they find Frodo an hour later in the late afternoon or evening. The Orcs take Frodo to the Tower of Cirith Ungol. Sam follows them and is knocked out after hurling himself at the closed Undergate.

Aragorn reaches Pelargir with the Dead and they capture the Corsairs' fleet. Aragorn releases the Dead from their Oath and they depart.

In the evening, Faramir is brought back to Minas Tirith gravely wounded. The Pelennor Fields are overrun by enemy forces.

At night, Denethor looks into the palantir and possibly sees the capture of Frodo, leading him to mistakenly conclude that Sauron has the One Ring.

At night, Angbor arrives at Pelargir with more troops.

Orcs and Easterlings from the invasion force in Anorien camp near Amon Din to prevent the Rohirrim from coming down the Great West Road.

The Rohirrim enter the Druadan Forest and camp beyond Eilenach. In the night of March 13-14, Theoden meets Ghan-buri-Ghan.

March 14, 3019:
Starting around dawn, Ghan-buri-ghan leads the Rohirrim through the Stonewain Valley.

In the morning, the Corsairs' ships embark up the Anduin under the command of Aragorn. They are forced to row due to lack of wind for the sails.

Minas Tirith is besieged. The enemy forces dig trenches and bring in siege-engines. Catapults launch fiery missiles over the City walls along with the severed heads of the Men of Gondor who died during the retreat. Gandalf takes charge of the City's defenses while Denethor remains at Faramir's bedside.

In the late morning, Sam awakes at the Undergate.

Around noon, Sam emerges into the Pass of Cirith Ungol. At the same time, Aragorn is leading the Corsairs' fleet to Minas Tirith, Merry is riding with the Rohirrim through the Stonewain Valley, and Pippin is watching Denethor descend into madness. Sam crosses into Mordor.

In the late afternoon or evening, Sam comes to the Tower of Cirith Ungol. Shagrat and Gorbag fight over Frodo's mithril shirt. Shagrat kills Gorbag and sets out for Barad-dur with the mithril shirt. Sam finds Frodo and returns the Ring to him.

In the late afternoon, the Rohirrim come to the Grey Wood. In the evening, scouts of the Rohirrim find the body Hirgon holding the Red Arrow. Widfara senses a sea-breeze from the South. The Rohirrim continue towards Minas Tirith through the night of March 14-15.

At midnight on March 14-15, sailors on the Corsairs' ships also sense a wind coming from the South.

March 15, 3019:
Around midnight of March 14-15, the enemy forces begin to attack the walls of Minas Tirith and continue through the night.

In the early hours, Frodo and Sam escape from the Tower of Cirith Ungol. A Winged Nazgul descends on the Tower of Cirith Ungol. Frodo and Sam go down into the ravine between the Mountains of Shadow and the Morgai and head north. Frodo discards his Orc-mail.

At some time probably during the night of March 14-15, Denethor looks in the palantir and sees a Corsair fleet approaching, which unknown to him is commanded by Aragorn. Denethor foresees doom for both Faramir and Gondor and he falls into madness and despair.

Denethor brings Faramir to the House of the Stewards in the Hallows and orders his servants to prepare a funeral pyre. Pippin goes to find Gandalf. Beregond leaves his post to prevent the lighting of the pyre.

Just before dawn, the gates of Minas Tirith are broken with the battering ram Grond. Gandalf confronts the Lord of the Nazgul at the Great Gate.

At dawn, the Rohirrim arrive. The Darkness breaks as the Rohirrim charge onto the Pelennor Fields. The Lord of the Nazgul leaves the Gate for the battlefield. Gandalf follows Pippin to the Hallows.

A wind from the Sea fills the sails of the Corsair fleet under Aragorn's command.

Battle of the Pelennor Fields. Death of King Theoden. Eomer becomes eighteenth King of Rohan. Eowyn and Merry vanquish the Lord of the Nazgul. Eowyn is gravely wounded.

At the same time, Denethor tries to burn himself and Faramir alive. Denethor dies but Faramir is rescued by Gandalf and Beregond. The Anor-stone is permanently damaged. The Lord of the Nazgul's dying cry is heard as Faramir is brought out of the House of the Stewards.

In Mordor, Frodo and Sam see a Nazgul flying to Barad-dur with the news of the Lord of the Nazgul's defeat.

Pippin finds Merry injured and Gandalf carries him to the Houses of Healing.

Gothmog assumes command of the enemy forces. He summons reserves from Osgiliath and the tide of battle begins to turn in the enemy's favor.

At midmorning, about three hours after dawn, the Corsairs' ships are sighted. Aragorn leads reinforcements into battle.

Deaths of Halbarad, Derufin and Duilin, Forlong, Hirluin, Grimbold, Harding, Guthlaf, Dunhere, Deorwine, Herefara, Herubrand, Horn, and Fastred.

At sunset, Sauron's forces are defeated.

At nightfall, Frodo and Sam stop to rest under a thicket of brambles. Sam sees the Star of Earendil.

In the evening, Aragorn heals Faramir, Eowyn, and Merry in the Houses of Healing. Aragorn continues to help the injured long into the night and goes to sleep shortly before dawn.

Second assault on Lothlorien from Dol Guldur. Thranduil and the Elves of Mirkwood battle another force from Dol Guldur. Easterlings attack the Men ofDale and the Dwarves of the Lonely Mountain and the Battle of Dale begins.

March 16, 3019:
The Captains of the West decide to march to the Black Gate.

Battle of Dale continues.

Gollum finds Frodo's discarded Orc-mail. Frodo and Sam look toward Mount Doom from the Morgai. They return to the ravine and avoid capture by two Orcs. They rest for the remainder of the day and continue their northward journey through the night of March 16-17.

March 17, 3019:
Frodo and Sam continue northward in the early hours and stop to rest during the day. They set out again before nightfall and continue through the night of March 17-18.

Shagrat brings Frodo's cloak and mithril shirt and Sam's sword to Barad-dur. Sauron kills Shagrat.

Deaths of Brand and Dain Ironfoot in the Battle of Dale. Bard II becomes King of Dale and Thorin III Stonehelm becomes King of Durin's Folk. The Men of Dale and the Dwarves are besieged by the Easterlings in the Lonely Mountain.

Elfhelm and the Rohirrim destroy the Easterlings in Anorien.

March 18, 3019:
Frodo and Sam continue through the early hours and rest during the day. Sam spots Gollum near a water-hole.

Aragorn leads the Host of the West out of Minas Tirith accompanied by Gandalf, Legolas, Gimli, Pippin, Eomer, Prince Imrahil, Beregond, and Elladan and Elrohir. They come to Osgiliathbefore noon and cross the Anduin on boats.

The main army of the Host of the West camps at night 5 miles from Osgiliath while Aragorn leads horsemen to the Cross-roads. Aragorn reclaims Ithilien for Gondor. The statue of the King is repaired.

In the evening, Frodo and Sam take the road toward Isenmouthe. They are overtaken by Orcs who mistake the Hobbits for deserters and force them to join their company.

March 19, 3019:
In the early hours before dawn, Frodo and Sam escape from the Orcs in the confusion as Sauron's forces converge on the Black Gate. Frodo and Sam journey southeastward along the road to Barad-dur during the day and rest at night.

Aragorn sets a guard at the Cross-roads. The Host of the West comes to the Morgul Vale and they break the bridge over the Morgulduin.

March 20, 3019:
Frodo and Sam continue along the road to Barad-dur during the day and rest at night.

The Host of the West begins to march north on the Harad Road toward the Black Gate.

Eowyn and Faramir meet in the Houses of Healing. Faramir meets Merry later in the day.

March 21, 3019:
Frodo and Sam continue along the road to Barad-dur during the day and rest at night.

Late in the day, the lead companies of Host of the West are ambushed by Orcs and Easterlings but easily defeat them. The Winged Nazgul begin to monitor their approach.

March 22, 3019:
The Host of the West continue north through Ithilien.

The dreadful nightfall. Frodo and Sam reach the point where they must turn south toward Mount Doom. They stop and rest for the night.

Third assault on Lothlorien from Dol Guldur.

March 23, 3019:
Frodo and Sam cast away their gear. They leave the road and travel south across Gorgoroth toward Mount Doom. They travel by day and rest at night.

The Host of the West exit Ithilien and come to the edge of the Desolation of the Morannon.Aragorn sends those too frightened to proceed to retake Cair Andros.

March 24, 3019:
Frodo and Sam reach the foot of Mount Doom near dusk and stop to rest.

The Host of the West camp in the Desolation of the Morannon the night of March 24-25.

March 25, 3019:
In the early morning, the Host of the West comes to the Black Gate.

Sam starts to carry Frodo up the slopes of Mount Doom.

Gandalf rejects the Mouth of Sauron's terms of surrender. The Battle of the Morannon begins mid-morning. Pippin slays a Troll-chief and is crushed under its carcass.

Sam finds Sauron's Road on the mountainside. He feels a sense of urgency as the Battle of the Morannon begins. Sam and Frodo start up the road as the Host of the West is surrounded and Sauron's attention is directed at the Black Gate.

Gollum attacks Frodo but Frodo fights him off and continues to the Chambers of Fire. Sam spares Gollum's life and lets him go, but Gollum follows Sam to the Chambers of Fire.

The Eagles led by Gwaihir arrive at the Black Gate and swoop in to engage the Winged Nazgul in battle.

Around noon, Frodo reaches the Chambers of Fire and claims the One Ring for himself. Sauron becomes aware of him. The Winged Nazgul head to Mount Doom. Gollum bites off Frodo's Ring-finger and falls into the Cracks of Doom and dies. The One Ring is destroyed.

Sauron is defeated. The greater part of his power is lost with the destruction of the One Ring. His physical form is destroyed and his spirit dissipates.

Mount Doom erupts. The Nazgul are consumed by the fires. Mordor falls into ruin. Barad-dur, the Towers of the Teeth and the Black Gate are destroyed.

The Three Rings, the Nine Rings and the remaining three of the Seven Rings lose their power. The Nine and remaining Seven Rings are lost in the destruction of Mordor.

Sam leads Frodo down to the foot of Mount Doom. Gandalf rides Gwaihir, followed by Landroval and Meneldor, to rescue Frodo and Sam.

Eowyn and Faramirwitness Sauron's downfall from the walls of Minas Tirith.

Sauron's forces fall into disarray. The Orcs and creatures scatter or slay themselves. Some Haradrim and Easterlings flee or surrender, while others resist until defeated.

March 27, 3019:
News of Sauron's defeat reaches the Lonely Mountain. Bard II and Thorin Stonehelm defeat the Easterlings.

March 28, 3019:
Celeborn leads a force from Lothlorien to capture Dol Guldur. Galadriel casts down the walls.

April 6, 3019:
Celeborn meets Thranduil in Mirkwood and they decide on the new boundaries of their realms. Mirkwood is renamed the Wood of Greenleaves. The southern part becomes East Lorien. The midsection is given to the Beornings and Woodmen.

April 7, 3019:
Pippin is fully recovered from being crushed under a Troll.

April 8, 3019:
Frodo and Sam awake around noon. They are honored by Aragorn and the Host of the West on the Field of Cormallen. In the evening, a feast is held and Frodo and Sam are reunited with Merry and Pippin.

April 27, 3019:
The Captains of the West sail from Cair Andros to Osgiliath.

April 28, 3019:
The Captains of the West come to Osgiliath.

April 30, 3019:
The Captains of the West camp on the Pelennor Fields.

May 1, 3019:
Aragornis crowned King Elessar. Faramir becomes his Steward and is given the title Prince of Ithilien.

Arwen and Elrond leave Rivendell.

In the days following King Elessar's coronation, he makes peace with the Haradrim and pardons the Easterlings and receives ambassadors from Rhun. He frees the slaves of Mordor and gives them the land around Lake Nurnen.

May 8, 3019:
Eomer and Eowyn set out for Rohan to set their land in order. Elladan and Elrohir leave Minas Tirith to meet their sister Arwen.

May 20, 3019:
Arwen and Elrond come to Lothlorien.

May 27, 3019:
Arwen, Elrond, Galadriel, and Celeborn leave Lothlorien.

June 14, 3019:
Arwen and her kin are met by her brothers, Elladan and Elrohir, and they travel to Edoras.

June 16, 3019:
Arwen and her kin set out for Minas Tirith.

June 25, 3019:
Aragorn finds the sapling of the White Tree on Mount Mindolluin.

1 Lithe of 3019:
Arwen and her kin arrive in Minas Tirith. Elrond gives Aragorn the Sceptre of Annuminas - the symbol of royalty of the North-kingdom.

Mid-year's Day of 3019:
Wedding of Aragorn and Arwen. A two-week festival begins.

July 12, 3019:
End of the wedding festivities.

July 15, 3019:
Arwen tells Frodo that he may sail to the Undying Lands in her place.

July 18, 3019:
Eomer returns to Minas Tirith. A feast is held in Merethrond.

July 22, 3019:
The funeral procession of King Theoden leaves Minas Tirith. Aragorn, King Elessar, declares that the Druadan Forest belongs to the Druedain and that no one may enter without permission.

August 7, 3019:
The funeral procession arrives in Edoras.

August 10, 3019:
Funeral of King Theoden. Eomer announces the betrothal of Eowyn to Faramir.

August 14, 3019:
Arwen and Elrond say their final farewells and are parted forever. Eowyn gives Merry the Horn of the Mark. The Fellowship leave Edoras with Elrond, Galadriel, and Celeborn.

August 15, 3019:
Treebeard releases Saruman from Orthanc and Grima accompanies him north.

August 18, 3019:
The Fellowship arrive at Helm's Deep in the evening.

August 19, 3019:
Gimli and Legolas visit the Glittering Caves.

August 22, 3019:
The Fellowship arrive at Isengard and are met by Treebeard who reports on Saruman's departure. Isengard returns to the control of Gondor. Gimli and Legolas go to Fangorn. At sunset, Aragorn bids farewell to the other members of the Fellowship and returns to Gondor.

August 28, 3019:
The travellers encounter Saruman and Grima on the road. Saruman and Grima head for the Shire.

August 29, 3019:
The travellers reach northern Dunland.

September 6, 3019:
The travellers stop to camp near the West-gate of Moria and remain there for a week.

September 13, 3019:
Galadriel and Celeborn part company with Gandalf, Elrond, and the Hobbits. Galadriel and Celeborn cross the Redhorn Gate and return to Lothlorien. The others journey on toward Rivendell.

September 21, 3019:
The Hobbits, Gandalf, and Elrond arrive at Rivendell in the evening. Frodo is reunited with Bilbo.

September 22, 3019:
Sarumanand Grima come to the Shire. Saruman moves into Bag End and takes over as Chief from Lotho Sackville-Baggins. At some point afterward, Grima kills Lotho. Bilbo celebrates his 129th birthday.

October 4, 3019:
Bilbo gives Frodo the manuscript of his memoirs and the Translations from the Elvish.

October 5, 3019:
The four Hobbits and Gandalf leave Rivendell.

October 6, 3019:
Gandalf and the Hobbits cross the Ford of Bruinen. Frodo feels pain in his shoulder on the anniversary of his confrontation with the Lord of the Nazgul.

October 23, 3019:
Gandalf and the Hobbits pass Weathertop.

October 28, 3019:
Gandalf and the Hobbits arrive in Bree at nightfall. Sam is reunited with Bill the Pony.

October 30, 3019:
Gandalf and the Hobbits leave Bree in the morning. Gandalf parts from the Hobbits and goes to visit Tom Bombadil. The Hobbits arrive at the Brandywine Bridge after nightfall. The Chief's Big Man Bill Ferny runs away. The four Hobbits spend the night in the guard-house. A messenger of the Quick Post service goes to Frogmorton with news of the four Hobbits' arrival and continues on to Bag End.

November 1, 3019:
The four Hobbits set out westward along the Great East Road in the morning. In the afternoon, a messenger from Bag End comes to Frogmorton with orders to arrest the four Hobbits. In the evening, the four Hobbits arrive in Frogmorton and are arrested. They spend the night in the Shirriff-house.

November 2, 3019:
The four Hobbits leave Frogmorton at 10:00 a.m. with an escort of Shirriffs. They come to the Three Farthing Stone at 3:00 p.m. The four Hobbits leave the Shirriffs behind and arrive in Bywater near sunset. They scare off six Men from the Green Dragon who go back to Hobbiton for reinforcements.

Merry sounds the Horn of the Mark to rally the Hobbits. Sam is reunited with Rosie Cotton. Pippin rides to Tuckborough to rally the Tooks. Two Men from Hobbiton go to Waymeet with news of the rebellion. Around 6:00 p.m., about 200 Hobbits of Bywater confront a squad of 20 Men from Hobbiton. Hobbit archers kill the leader and the other Men surrender. Sam is reunited with his Gaffer.

November 3, 3019:
Around 10:00 a.m., Pippin brings 100 Tooks to join the Hobbits of Bywater. Around 100 Men from Waymeet come up the Great East Road. The Hobbits ambush the Men on the Bywater Road. The Hobbits of the Shire defeat the Chief's Men in the Battle of Bywater.

In the afternoon, the four Hobbits go to Bag End and find Saruman. Frodo spares Saruman's life but Saruman is killed by Grima. Grima is killed by Hobbit archers.

End of the War of the Ring.

November 4, 3019:
Frodo frees the prisoners from the Lockholes, including Lobelia Sackville-Baggins, Fatty Bolger, and Mayor Will Whitfoot. Lobelia gives Bag End back to Frodo and goes home to Hardbottle. Frodo agrees to be Deputy Mayor while Will Whitfoot recovers.

Marriage of Faramir and Eowyn.

The Great Year of Plenty in the Shire.

Spring: Trees, gardens and crops are restored by Sam's use of Galadriel's gift of soil from her garden. Death of Lobelia Sackville-Baggins.

March 13: Frodo is ill on the anniversary of his encounter with Shelob.

April 6: The mallorn tree flowers in the Party Field on Sam's birthday.

May 1: Sam marries Rosie Cotton and moves into Bag End.

Mid-year's day: Frodo resigns as Deputy Mayor. Will Whitfoot returns to office.

September 22: Bilbo turns 130 years old.

October 6: Frodo is ill again on the anniversary of the Lord of the Nazgul's attack at Weathertop.

Eomer weds Lothiriel, daughter of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth.

March 13: Frodo is ill again.

March 25: Birth of Sam's daughter Elanor.

September 21: Frodo and Sam set out for the Grey Havens.

September 22: Bilbo turns 131 and passes the Old Took as the longest-lived Hobbit. In the evening, Frodo and Sam meet Bilbo, Elrond, Galadriel, Gildor and other Elves in the Woody End. They travel west toward the Grey Havens through the evening and night.

September 29: The Last Riding of the Keepers of the Rings arrive at the Grey Havens in the evening. Gandalf meets them there and Merry and Pippin arrive soon after.

Elrond, Gandalf, Galadriel, Gildor, Shadowfax, Frodo Baggins, and Bilbo Baggins sail over the Sea to the Undying Lands. The Three Rings, the Phial of Galadriel, and the Stone of Elendil go with them.

October 6: Sam returns to Bag End.

Fourth Age:

Note: There may be a discrepancy of one year in Fourth Age dates as a result of different reckoning systems used in Gondor and the Shire. (See the Note on Dates.)

Birth of Sam's son Frodo Gardner. Death of Adelard Took in the Shire. Dwalin may have died around this time (see also 91).

Birth of Sam's daughter Rose Gamgee.

Aragorn, King Elessar, makes the Shire a Free Land under the protection of the Northern Sceptre and forbids Men to enter it. Will Whitfoot resigns as Mayor. Sam Gamgee is elected Mayor. Ponto Baggins (II) becomes head of the Baggins family. Birth of Sam's son Merry Gamgee. Pippin marries Diamond of Long Cleeve.

Death of Gaffer Gamgee.

Birth of Sam's son Pippin Gamgee.

Birth of Pippin's son Faramir Took. Death of Merimac Brandybuck in the Shire.

Birth of Sam's daughter Golidlocks Gamgee. Death of Odovacar Bolger in the Shire.

Death of Saradoc Brandybuck. Merry Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland. Birth of Sam's son Hamfast Gamgee.

Birth of Sam's daughter Daisy Gamgee.

Death of Paladin Took II. Pippin Took becomes thirty-second Thain. Sam Gamgee reelected as Mayor. Aragorn, King Elessar, makes the Thain, the Master of Buckland, and the Mayor of Michel Delving Counsellors of the North-kingdom.

Birth of Sam's daughter Primrose Gamgee. Death of Olo Proudfoot in the Shire.

Aragorn, King Elessar, and Queen Arwen come north to dwell at Annuminas. They meet with Pippin, Merry and Sam at the Brandywine Bridge. Sam receives the Star of Dunedain. Elanor Gamgee becomes maid of honor to Queen Arwen. Birth of Sam's son Bilbo Gamgee.

Birth of Sam's daughter Ruby Gamgee.

Birth of Sam's son Robin Gamgee. Death of Farmer Cotton.

Sam Gamgee reelected Mayor for the third time.

Sam, Rosie and Elanor visit Gondor. Tom Cotton acts as Deputy Mayor. Birth of Sam's son Tom Gamgee.

Death of Filibert Bolger in the Shire.

Sam Gamgee elected Mayor for the fourth time.

Elanor Gamgee marries Fastred of Greenholm.

The Westmarch, from the Far Downs to the Tower Hills, is added to the Shire as a gift of Aragorn, King Elessar.

Birth of Elanor's son Elfstan Fairbairn. Death of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth. Elphir becomes twenty-third Prince of Dol Amroth. (The year 34 in the New Reckoning of Gondor.)

Sam Gamgee elected Mayor for the fifth time. Fastred becomes Warden of Westmarch and he moves to Undertowers with his family. (Note: In the 2004 edition of The Lord of the Rings, the date of Fastred becoming Warden was changed to 1462 Shire Reckoning - or 41 Fourth Age - based on an interpretation of corrections submitted by Tolkien.)

Sam Gamgee elected Mayor for the sixth time. Birth of Frodo Gardner's son Holfast Gardner.

Faramir Took marries Goldilocks Gamgee.

Sam's seventh and final reelection as Mayor at age 96.

Sam's final year as Mayor.

Mid-year's day: Death of Sam's wife Rose.

September 22: Sam leaves Bag End. He gives The Red Book to his daughter Elanor and goes to the Grey Havens, where he follows Frodo over the Sea to the Undying Lands.

Eomer asks Merry to visit him in Rohan. Merry and Pippin leave the Shire in the spring and head to Rohan. Merry's son becomes Master of Buckland, and Pippin's son Faramir Took becomes Thain. King Eomer dies in the autumn. Elfwine becomes nineteenth King of Rohan.

Merry and Pippin go to live in Gondor. Pippin brings a copy of The Red Book to Minas Tirith, where it is corrected and annotated and becomes The Thain's Book. They remain in Gondor until their deaths (years unknown).

Death of Prince Elphir of Dol Amroth. Alphros becomes twenty-fourth Prince of Dol Amroth. (The year 67 in the New Reckoning of Gondor.)

Birth of Harding of the Hill in the Shire.

Death of Faramir. Elboron becomes Steward of Gondor and Prince of Ithilien. (The year 83 in the New Reckoning of Gondor.)

Dwalin may have died around this time (see also 2).

Death of Prince Alphros of Dol Amroth. (The year 95 in the New Reckoning of Gondor.)

Death of Aragorn, King Elessar. Eldarion becomes King of the Reunited Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor. Legolas departs over the Sea and Gimli accompanies him. (The year 121 in the New Reckoning of Gondor.)

Winter: Death of Arwen on Cerin Amroth in Lothlorien.

The Thain's Book is completed.

King Eldarion's reign may have lasted until around this time.

Additional Sources:

Many of the dates and specific times for the events of the War of the Ring come from a Scheme devised by Tolkien, portions of which are published in The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull.

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